V2Soo v z : HOT FOR CIRCULATIO* EDO? laMTSlb 7 California Stale Library BUREAU OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION University of California Berkeley U Samuel C. May Director 0° ** CALIFORNIA STATE GOVERNMENT An Outline of lbs Administrative Organization VOL. 2 The Independent Agencies from 1940 to 194? by ttt IZA^TH PERINA December 1949 >! ' IDUREAU OF TL ; r I .;:■.:: \KY SEF I S I960 n r x\\ \\ INDEX Accounting Division 15 Accounting Division 30 Finance an d Accounts Division 72 Actuarial and Claims Division JO Office of the Adjutant G eneral 112 Administration Division 29 Administrat ive Department 70 Californi a Aeronautics Commission 99 Agricultural Prorate Advisory Commission 62 Agricultural Research Study Committee 63 Alcoholic Beverage Control Division 21 State Allocation Board y± Attorney General's Office 10 Stat e Bar of California 78 California Bond Certification Commission 49 Centennials Advisory Committee 123 California Centennials C ommission 122 Claims Auditing and Disbursing Division 15 Actuarial and Claims Division 30 Classification and Transactions Division 26 California Code Commission 91 Codification Board 93 Collection Agency License Division 7 Colorado River Board 46 Wildlife Conservation Board 43 Controller's Department 14 County Budgets and Reports Division 15 County Waterworks Districts Securities Commission 50 Special Crime Study Commissions 101-103 California Dairy Industry Advisory Board 64 California State Council of Defense 85 California State Disaster Council 3 California Districts Securities Commission 49 State Emergency Council 84 State Employees ' Retirement System 29 State Board of Equalization 20 Examining and Recruiting Division 26 California Farm Debt Adjustment Commission 65 California Farm Production Council 66 State Fire Advisory Board 114 State Fire Marshall 113 Finance and Accounts Division 72 Pacific Marine Fisheries Commission 42 California Bear Flag Commemoration 124 Monterey Flag Raising Centennial Commission 125 State Forest Purchase Committee 40 Franchise Tax Board 23 Franchise Tax Commissioner 23 Gasoline Tax Refunds Division 16 Governor's Council Board of State Harbor Commissioners 53 - 55 Hastings College of the Law 82 Historical Landmarks Advisory Committee 43 California Horse Racing Board 76 Inheritance and Gift Tax Division 15 California Commission on Interstate Cooperation State Irrigation Board 45 Judicial Council 96 Land Classification Commission 17 Tax-Deeded Lands Division 15 Hastings College of Law 82 Commission on Uniform State Laws 92 Legal Division 74 Legislative Council 89 State Livestock Sanitary Committee 68 Marine Research Committee 41 Motor Vehicle Fuel Tax Division 21 Motor V ehicle Fuel Tax Refund Division 16 Office Management Division 2? Board of Osteopathic Examiners 79 Pacific Marine Fisheries Commission 42 Pay Division 27 State Personnel Board 8 State Personnel Board 26 Board of Pilot Commissioners 56-57 Office of Planning and Research 3 State Planning Board 109 Board of Port Wardensfor the Port of San Fransisco 58 Postwar Public Works Review Board 33 Poultry Improvement Commission 67 Public Utitlities Commission 70 Public Utilities Department 71 Public Utilities Division 71 State Public Works Board 36 Postwar Public Works Review Board 33 Property Acquisition Board 35 Commission on Qualifications 97 Reapport ionment Commission 116 Reclamation Board 44 State Reconstruction and Reemployment Commission 109 General Record Depository 8 Recreation Commission 118 Examining and Recruiting Division 26 Redemption Tax Division 16 State Redevelopment Agency 120 State Relief Administration 32 Office of Planning and Research 3 Research and Statistics Division 22 Retail Sales Tax Division 21 State Employees' Retirement System 29 San Luis Rey Water Authority 47 California Districts Securities Commission 49 County Waterworks Districts Securities Commission 50 State Soil C onservation Commission 39 State Commission on Special Districts 107 Secretary of State 7 Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2013 http://archive.org/details/calistate02unse Tax Collection Division 15 Franchise Tax Board 23 Franchise Tax Commissioner 23 Inheritance and Gift Tax Division 15 Motor Vehicle Fuel Tax Division 21 Redemptio n Tax Division 16 Retail Sales Tax Division 21 Sales and Use Tax Division 21 Transportation Tax Division 21 Tax-Deeded Lands Division 15 Advisory Committee on Tax-Deeded Property 17 Motor Vehicle Fuel Tax Refund Division 16 Gasoline Tax Refunds Division 16 California Toll Bridge Authority 60 World Trade Center Authorities 127 Transportation Division 72 State Treasurer 12 Treasury Department 12 Commission on Uniform State Laws 92 University of California 81 Public Utilities Commission 70 Public Utilities Department 71 Public Utilities Division 71 Valuation Division 20 California Veterans ' Board 129 California Veterans ' Commission 129 State Commission on Voting Machines 8 State War Council 86 Surplus War Property Procurement Advisory Eoard 131 Waste U tilization Commission 67 San Luis Rey Water Authority 47 State Water Pollution Control Board 51 Water Project Authority 45 State Water Resources Board 48 County Waterworks Districts Securities Commission 50 Wildlife Conservation Board 43 Youth Authority 104 TABLE CF CONTENTS (Explanatory note: Agencies included for their historical interest are underscored) rage 7 GENERAL EXECUTIVE OFFICERS GOVERNOR Governor's Council — California State Disaster Council — ysical Planning and Economic Research LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR ECRETARY OF STATE Administration — Collection Agency License Division — Central Record Depository — State Commission on Voting Machines LAV/ ENFORCEMENT ATTORNEY GENERAL 10 STATE FINANCE AND TAXATION TREASURER 12 CONTROLLER'S DEPARTMENT • . . 13 Administration Division — Claims Auditing and Disbursing Division — Accounting Division — Inheritance and Gift Tax Division — County Budgets and Reports Division — Tax Collec- tion Division — Tax-Deeded Lands Division — Redemption Tax Division — Gasoline Tax Refunds Division — Motor Vehicle Fuel Tax Refund Division ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON TAX-DEEDED PROPERTY 17 I A ND CLASSIFICATION COMMISSION 18 STATE POARD CF EQUALIZATION . . 19 General Administration — Valuation Division — Motor Vehicle Fuel Tax Division — Sales and Use Tax Division — Retail Sales Tax Division — Alcoholic Beverage Control Division — Transpor- tation Tiix Division — Assessment Standards Division — Research and Statistics Division TAX COMMISSIONER 23 FRANCHISE TAX -CARD 23 STATE PERSONNEL STATE PERSONNEL POARD ; . . . . 25 Classification and Transactions Division — Examining and Recruiting Division — Pay Division — Office Management Division — Office of the Executive Officer STATE EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM 28 Administration Division — Accounting Division — Actuarial and Claims Division EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT RELIEF . _' * . J • * • • • •»•• • • • m^-Cffice of State Relief •.or CCTICN AND EMPLOYMENT Foard — State Allocation Board — - Acquisition — State Public 'Norks Board [C F 0URCE3 AMD CONSERVATION Page 32 33 }a:re Cc Lon — Oistric r .*'.- t of For '••- - bate M; . r.c; "TSSICN PACIFIC . . ES COMMISSION HISTORICAL LANDMARKS ADVISORY COMMF T - T ATER FROJ Trr " r ' -i TTr r-'r r ^i'T , y COLORADO RIVER BOARD California Pond Certification Cor :t Cil ming ] • • • • • [TEE. • « -.nissit and 3oar< » • » • i sn 1- is -SI C( ;a1 :e Pc ss: .oners — : CciKnissicn. • ••••• county *-:at srwgres districts securities ( -t:iss STATE WATER POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD, PORTS ANI ) HARB( )RS 33 39 40 41 42 43 43 44 45 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 BOARD OF STATE HARBOR COMMISSIONERS FOR SAN FRANCISCO HARBOR . . . Port Manager HOARD CF STATE V AR B OR CO^MTSSICITIRS FOP. THE P A Y OF SAM DIEGO . . . ECARD CF HARBOR COMMISSIONERS FOR flUMBOLDT B*Y PILOTS . . . . 5" an Francisco — Humboldt — San Diego FORT WARDENS Beard cf Pert hardens for the Port of San Francisco 53 54 55 56 58 BRIDGES CALIFORNIA TOLL BRIDGE AUTHORITY AGRICULTURE AND FARM FINANCE 60 AGRICULTURAL PRORATE ADVISORY COMMISSION . AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH STUDY COMMITTEE. . . CALIFORNIA DAIRY INDUSTRY AD7ISCRY BOARD . CALIFORNIA FARM j ■ ■TU3TMENT COMMISSION CALIFC.ii-JIA P.'AB P-OP^'ON COUNCIL .... poultry imfrovsi : ;sion Vf ASTE UTILIZATION CC'T'I PSION STATE LIVESTOCK SANITARY COMMITTEE .... 62 63 64 65 66 67 67 68 PUBLIC UTILITY REGULATION Page PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION 70 Railroad Commission — Administrative Department — Public Utilities Division — Finance and Accounts Division — Transportation Division — Legal Division RACING REGULATION CALIFORNIA HORSE RACING BOARD 76 REGULATION OF PROFESSIONS STATE PAR OF CALIFORNIA yg State Board cf Par Examiners BOARD OF OSTEOPATHIC EXAMINERS 79 STATE UNIVERSITY UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA 81 Beard of Regents HASTINGS COLLEGE CF THE LAW 82 Board of Directors DISASTER PREPAREDNESS STATE EMERGENCY COUNCIL 84 CAIIr'CRMA STATS COUNCIL C? DZFSNSS 85 CALIFORNIA STATS VVJ?. COUNCIL 86 LEGISLATIVE ASSISTANCE LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL 89 CALIFORNIA CODE COMMISSION 91 COMMISSION ON UNIFORM STATE LAWS 92 CODIFTCATI CN "CARD 93 CALIFORNIA C02TIISSI0N CM INTERSTATE COOPERATION 94 JUDICIAL ADMINISTRATION JUDICIAL COUNCIL 96 COMMISSION ON QUALIFICATIONS (JUDICIAL) . 97 AERONAUTICS REGULATION CALIFORNIA AERONAUTICS COMMISSION '99 CRIME STUDY AND REHABILITATION SPECIAL CRIME STUDY COMMISSIONS 101 Th e Special Crime ol\d y Co mmission on C ri minal .Lav/ and Procedure — The Special Crime S:.u<ry Ccrrnisaicn on Adult Correctic BeJ - • ■ ' ■'■■ ■'■ \ - — l''C orecial Crime Study Cc'rmisTIor! or/ Juvenile Justice — Fr:tj Crucial Crime Study Commission o a So cial and r. corio mic C au ses cf Crime a.-.: ^;.I i.-:; uancy --The Special Crime Study Commission on Organized Crime Page YCUTH AUTHORITY 104 Yo uth Correction Authority LOCAL SCHOOL DISTRICT REORGANIZATION STATE COMMISSION ON SCHOOL DISTRICTS 107 PLANNING STAT E RECONSTRUCTION AND REEMPLOYMENT COMMISSION .109 Citizens Advisory Committees PUBLIC SAFETY OFFICE CF THE ADJUTANT GENERAL 112 STATE FIRS MARSHAL 113 STATE FIRE ADVISORY BOARD 11/, REAPPORTIONMENT REAPPORTIONMENT COMMISSION 116 RECREATION RECREATION COMMISSION 118 REDEVELOPMENT STATE REDEVELOPMENT AGENCY 120 STATE CENTENNIALS REGULATION CALIFORNIA CENTENNIALS COMMISSION 122 CENTENNIAIS ADVISORY COMMITTEE .123 — :e:~ni r " t -:a p 7f .M " cc^-'E'VR-vncN cc^icsion 124 n m'erey .tag raising centennial cqi.tissicn 125 trade development world trade center authorities 127 Fan Francisco "rrld Trade Center Authority — Los Angeles World Trade Center Authority VETERANS' PROGRAMS CALIFORNIA VETERAN S ' CCv"MI33I0 N 129 WAR SURPLUS PROCUREMENT SURPLUS WAR PROPERTY PROCUREMENT ADVISORY BOARD 131 GENERAL EXECUTIVE OFFICERS Governor Gc ve rncr • s Council California State Disaster Council Planning and Research Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State GOVERNOR The Constitution of 1849 provided that the supreme executive power of this state should be vested in a chief magistrate, known as the Governor of ; .-. State cf California. The Governor has thus been regarded from the be- -.3 the leading executive officer in the state government. His gen- eral -ewers ■ iui ' _, qualifications, etc., are covered by article V cf both the Constitutions of 1249 and 1879. The Governor is elected b: r the qualified electors at the time and place of voting for members of the Assembly, and he "shall hold his office four --ears from and after the first Monday after the first day of January ' sequent to his election." Schedule 1, section 1$, of the Constitution of 1849 stipulated that the Governor's salary should be $10,000 per annum. The Legislature was srritted to reduce this amount by lav;, but not to increase it. An amend- ment to article V, section 19, adopted November 5, 1946, specified that the I _^liture could fix at any time the salary of the Governor at any amount ■• v : -i less than ! 10,000. In 1947 the Legislature set the Governor's salary -' . OC per annum. Throughout the years the Governor has served en innumerable boards, commissions, and committees; and he has been permitted or required to make innumerable : . joint) nts. The chief powers and duties of the Governor as listed in "Agencies o£ California State Government..^ 1 compiled by the erviscr cf Documents in 1934, are as follows: To transact all executive business with the civil and military officers of government? to make ap- pointments to vacated offices as required by lavrj to convene the Legisla- in extraordinary session; to receive reports from executive officers and to transmit them, when necessary, to the Legislature and the public; to exercise executive clemency in the matters of reprieves, pardons, and commu- tations; to act as commander-in-chief of the state militia; to approve or disapprove all bills passed by the Legislature. The Governor is also re- quired to submit to the Legislature a budget of proposed expenditures and estimated revenues for the state government. Serving in an advisory capacity as a clearing house of information in administrative matters, a council of executive officers assists the Gover- nor. In addition to the Governor's Council, the Disaster Council and Ad- visory Councils on Physical Planning and Economic Research have been placed under the Governor by the Legislature. These groups are discussed below. Governor's Council The Governor's Council was created in 1927. It now consists of the Directors of Finance, Education, Public Works, Motor Vehicles, Public Health, Mental Hygiene, Agriculture, Industrial Relations, Social Welfare, Natural Resources, Investment, Professional and Vocational Standards, Veter- ans' Affairs, Corrections, and the Youth Authority, the State Fire Marshal, and the Chairman of the California Employment Stabilization Commission (Stats. 1927, ch. 105, p. 196; amended by Stats. 1947, ch. 51, p. 535). The council serves as a cabinet for the Governor, meeting monthly for the purpose of keeping him and the directors informed in regard to the adminis- tration of each department. In addition to these statutory members of the Governor's Council, on invitation of the Governor the following department heads also make monthly reports and attend council meetings: the Attorney General, Director of Em- ployment, Insurance Commissioner, and the Commissioner, Department of the California Highway Patrol. California State Disaster Council The emergency war agencies, California State Council of Defense and. the State War Council, were replaced by the more permanent California State Disaster Council to deal with possible future disasters in the state. 1945 The California State Disaster Council was to consist of the Governor, lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, one representative of the city governments and one representative of the county governments, one rep- resentative of the American Red Cross, a representative of the city or county fire services and a representative of the city or county law enforcement services, the President pre tempore of the Senate, and the Speaker of the Assembly. Members were to be reimbursed for their ac- tual and necessary expenses incurred in connection with their duties. The Governor was to be ex officio chairman of the council. The Gover- nor was to be the successor of the State Director of Civilian Defense, State Director of Civilian Protection, State Director of Civilian V.'ar Services, and Director cf California State Par Council. Advisory com- mittees were to be appointed by the Governor to assist in specific fields of civilian protection, war services, and disaster preparedness. Stats. 1945, ch. 1024, p. 1973. Approved June 25, 1945; in effect Sept. 15, 1945. Physical Planning and Economic Researc h Since the program involved the correlation cf activities of the state departments, the responsibility for planning and research was placed in the Governor's office in 1947. It was thought that friction would thus be avoided. The Governor, in effect, became the State Planning Board. The Office cf Director of Planning and Research (Stats. .1947, ch. 14< p. 2967. Approved July 12, 1947; in effect Sent. 19, 1947) was established in the Governor's office, succeeding to all the powers, duties, and respon- sibilities cf the State Reconstruction and Reemployment Commission relating to planning. The director was to be aopointed by and serve at the pleasure of the Governor at a salary rot to exceed "10,000 ner year. The law provided for two advisory councils, one en physical planning, ?ther or. economic research. The number of members that were to serve on Li.e councils were not specified in the act. The members of these coun- cils were bo receive nc compensation, but were to receive $20 per diem for ce at a council meeting, plus actual and necessary ex- . 2 ' v., .'ere tc be appointed by and serve at the pleasure of Governor. Two meml ers of the legislature were to confer with these council members . Two state interdepartmental advisory committees, one on physical plan- ning and. the other en research, were also established. The committee mem- bers were to be appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the Governor, from among the departments snd agencies of the state expert en planning and research matters. ds have not been appropriated by the legislature for the sunpert of the Office of Director of Planning and Research. \ i LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR The office cf lieutenant C-cvernor is also a constitutional one, being provided for in article V of the Constitutions of 1849 and 1879. The lieutenant Governor is elected at the same time and place and in the same manner as the Governor. His term of office and qualifications of eligibil- ity are the same. Compensation for the Lieutenant Governor has changed several times since 1908, when a ccnstituticnal amendment established it at $4»000 per annum. An act of 19A5 (ch. 1.143, ?. 2134) increased this amount to $10,000; an amendment to article V, section 19, adopted November 5, 1946, specified that the Legislature could fix at any time the salary of the lieutenant Governor at any amount not less than o5,0C0. In 1947 the Legislature set the salary at $12,000 per annum. If for any reason the office cf Governor is vacated, the powers and duties of that office devolve upon the Lieutenant Governor. The latter officer is also the President of the Senate, although he casts a vote only In case of a tie. He has served on various boards and commissions, and at the present time he is a member cf the Advisory Pardon pcard, the California Toll Bridge Authority, the California State Disaster Council, and the State Lands Co, .mission. He is chairman c£ the Reapportionment Commission,- a body which was created by article IV, section 6, of the Constitution as amended November 3, 1942. The lieutenant Governor is also ex officio a Repent of the University of California. SECRETARY OF STATE The office of Secretary of State is a constitutional one, being provi- ded fcr in article V, section 18, of the Constitution of 1849. The original text stated that this officer was to be appointed by the Governor by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. An amendment adopted September 3, 1362, provided that the Secretary of State should be elected at the same tine and place and in the same manner as the Governor and Lieutenant Gover- nor, with the same term of office. These provisions were repeated in the Constitution of 1879* His duties were to keep a correct record of the of- ficial acts of the legislative and executive branches of the government, and to perform such other duties as might be assigned him by law. Fcr his many duties in connection with elections, see the latest Election Code. The salary of the Secretary of State is the same as that of the Lieu- tenant Governor, $12,000 per annum. The amendment to article V, section 19, adopted November 5, 1946, specified that the Legislature could fix at any time the salary of the Secretary of State at any amount not less than $5,000. The functions of the Secretary of State have been divided into three subdivisions: Administration Division, the Collection Agency License Divi- sion, and a Central Record Depository. The Secretary of State is responsi- ble for publishing the Roster of Public Officials of the state. Administration The general administrative functions of the Secretary of State are located in this division. Collection Agency License Division The Collection Agency License Division was created in the office of Secretary of State in 1927. The Secretary of State appoints a Superintendent of Collection Agencies and a Collection Agency Board of three members to examine all applicants for licenses. The board members serve for three years and receive only necessary expenses. Central Record Depository 1947 An act "relating to the establishment of a central record depos- itory in the office of the Secretary of State" was passed in 1947. All valuable records of the state were to be filed and preserved in this bureau. Stats. 1947, ch. 1556, p. 3197. Approved July 18, 1947; in effect Sept. 19, 1947- 1949 The State Personnel Board established in the office of the Secretary of State the position of Archivist and Manager of Central Records, to carry out the provisions of the Government Code (Title 2, Div. 3, Fart 2, Ch. 3, Articles 4 and 6) regard- ing the State Archives and the Central Record Depository. State Commission en Voting Machines The Governor, Secretary cf State, and Attorney General are the State Commission en Voting Machines. No voting machine shall be used unless that type cf machine has received the approval of the commis- sion prior to any election at which it is to be first used. LAW ENFORCEMENT Attorney General ATTORNEY GENERAL The office of Attorney General is provided for in the Constitution. He is the principal law officer of the state in both civil and criminal matters. In 1944 the Attorney General was made the director of the new Department of Justice. The annual salary of the Attorney General was fixed by the Constitu- tion, article V, section 21, to be the same as that for an associate jus- tice of the Supreme Court. At present the sum is £16,000 (Stats. 1947, ch. 1240, p. 2747). The duties of the Attorney General, briefly, are to attend the Supreme Court and prosecute or defend all cases to which the state of California is a party, and to institute suits in behalf of the state; to exercise super- visory power over district attorneys and other enforcement officers; to assist district attorneys at times in the discharge of their duties; to render opinions to state agencies and officers; and to direct the adminis- trative functions of the Department of Justice. He is, in short, the chief attorney and law officer cf the state. In addition to directing the Department of Justice, the Attorney Gen- eral acts in an ex officio capacity as a member of the California District Securities Commission and serves cs a member of the Reapportionment Commis- sion, the V.'ater Project Authority, and the California State Disaster Council, The organization of the Department cf Justice is discussed in volume 1, p. 103. STATE FINANCE AND TAXATION Treasurer Controller's Department visory Cc.~J.ttce or. Tax-Deeded Property Land Classification Coir£dssion State Board of Equalization Pi nchise Tax Commissioner franchise Tax Board TREASURER The California Constitution, adopted in 1349 and revised in 1#79, created the office of the State Treasurer, who was to serve as an elective I t' officer for a term of four years. In 1945 the salary of the Treasurer was raised to $10,000 (ch. 1143* p. 216'4). In 1947 the salary of the Treasurer was increased in the same manner as that for the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, State Controller, Secretary of State, and Superintendent of Public Instruction. An amendment to article V, section 19, adopted November 5, 1946, specified that the Legislature could fix at any time the salary of the Treasurer at any amount not less than .^5,000 per annum. The 1947 legislature set the Treasurer's salary at £12,000 (ch. 1442, p. 30C9). rhe duties of the Treasurer have been more specifically limited to one fj -Id than have those, for example, of the Secretary of State. In general his duties are to receive and keen in custody the state's moneys and secur- ities, to disburse the public moneys en warrants drawn by the Controller, Iminister the law relating to the sale of state bonds and the re- ticn and interest payments upon them. e State Treasurer is a member of various State Finance Committees, -. - her c£ the Califoi r .\'ater Project .■'. ithority, and the Treasurer and. Custodian of bh ent Fund. The T: rtment is not organized into specific administrative iivisions. Inasmuch as the rreasurer's duties are more or less unified in character, his office o] 3 as a whole in carrying them out. CONTROLLER'S DEPARTMENT As organized October 1, 1949 ADMINISTRATION DIVISION CUItS AUDITING AND DISBURSING DIVISION ACCOUNTING DIVISION INHERITANCE AND GIFT TAX DIVISION CCUiNTY BUDGETS AND REPORTS DIVISION TAX CCILECTICN DIVISION TAX-DEEDED LANDS DIVISION GASOLINE TAX REFUNDS DIVISION CC: STROLLER ' S DEPARTMENT 1 3 Controller's Department was created by the original State Constitu- n in 1349 and retained in the revised Constitution of 1879. It was pro- t,hat the Controller should be elected at the same tirr.e and in the same ?r as the Governor. The compensation of the Controller has been in- creased in the s - manner as that for the Secretary of State, the Treasurer, : Suxeri ident of Public Instruction. In 1945 (ch. 1143, p. 2164) the Legist Increased his salary to £10,000, and xKtioc in 1947 (ch. 1442, ?. 3009) it was set at £12,000 per annum. The Controller's Department has functioned as a vital part of the California state government from the beginning of its existence. The Con- troller is the chief fiscal officer of the state; he is charged with draw- ing warrants on the Treasury for payment upon appropriations made by law and with collecting taxes due the state. Part of his authority rests with the office itself and part is due to the fact that the legislature has made jntroller ex officio member of the Board of Control and of the Board of i Equalization. The Controller is a member of many boards, commissions, imittees. The Advisory -• * on Tax-Deeded Property (see page 17) functions n advisory body on tax-sold and tax-deeded property for the Controller. - varie - '■"'■'■ ;ned *■ Controller are carried on by a gen- eral Administration ' ion, in which are grouped the Controller, Deputy •Controllers, and general office f. In addition to the Administration i are the seven divisions described below. •."-'itir'f -. nd Dlc T "ursir.g Divicicn : s divisicn performs the functions cf auditing all claims against state where there are sufficient previsions of lav/ for their payment, ■.: - =.11 warrants covering the expenditures cf the varicus state de- untmg Division Accounting Division has been functioning as a separate division -,;3. This division maintains accounting records covering the re- , disbursements, and balances in all funds in the State Treasury. " ' r. ' __ '1ft ?.-■: Tivf^icn he Inheritance and Gift Tax Divisicn v;as specifically created by law • - - Lnister the Inheritance Tax Lav; and the Gift Tax La'-:. -■•;■ " ■.. h-- t3 r.r.d Rer.-rts DJ-rLnLcn C unty I - ! :ets and Reports Division was created by the Ccntrcller ".'.3 tc carry cut the duties in connection with the County Budget Act. iivisicn . . - s '-he t\nnua] Report cf Financial Transactions of *'uni- - - Lects dIi tax, the insurance cc anies tax, ion tax, and the nd gas tax through the ' Lcn. 3 inc! ' ■ ' :-7 ed T'n 1 ' Divisicn is responsible for the cur, l c nd idmin- •n cf all land te for ncn-t y ent cf taxes. .'.'c7-; J i after 1942 the former Redemption Tax Division was renamed Tax-Deeded Lands Division. The chief of this division is secretary to the Advisory Committee ["ax-Deeded Property. line Tax Refunds Division This division was formerly called the Kotor Vehicle Fuel Tax Refund ision. Ex^.c + -ly when the designation Gasoline Tax Refunds Division was adopted is not known. \ i ADVISORY COKKITTEE ON TAX-DEEDED PROPERTY The Advisory Committee on Tax-Deeded Property was established by the same act that set up the land Classification Commission. The committee in 1943 replaced the abolished land Classification Commission, 1940 The committee was to consist of six members; three members were to represent the interests of the counties and three members were to represent the interests of the cities. The members were appointed by and held office at the pleasure of the Governor on the recommendation of the Controller. The members were to serve without compensation, but were to receive actual and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their duties. The com- mittee functioned as an advisory body on tax-sold and tax-deeded property for the Controller. Stats. 1940, ch. 47, p, 131 (1st Ex. Sess.). Approved June 1, 1940 j in effect June 1, 1941. 1943 The Advisory Committee on Tax-Deeded Property replaced the Land Classification Commission, and the six members of the committee were increased to nine members. The three additional members were to represent the interests of irrigation districts, recla- mation districts, and conservation districts. The chief of the :-Deeded Lands Division is secretary of the committee. Stats. 1943, ch. 754, p. 2527. Approved Pay 2'6, 1943 J in effect Aug. 4, 1943. ID CLASSIFICATION COMMISSION The Land Classification Commission was created for the purpose of es- tablishing a final classification of property which had been deeded to the state. The commission worked closely with the Controller's office. 1941 The Land Classification Commission was to consist of three com- missioners appointed by and serving at the pleasure of the Governor. Cne commissioner was to be a specialist in agricul- tural economics, cne in real property taxation, and cne in conservation and regional planning. The secretary of the com- mission was to be the chief of the redemption tax department in the Controller's office. Stats. 1%0, 1st Ex. Sess., ch. 47, p. 131. Approved June 1, 1940; in effect June 1, 1941. 1943 The sections in the Revenue and Taxation Code that established ■ • the Land Classification Commissicn were repealed in 1943. The Advisory Committee en Tax-Deeded Property replaced the land Classification Commission. M Stats. 1943, ch. 1$k, P. 2527, Approved May 26, 1943; in ef- fect vig. k, 1943. STATE BOARD OF EQUALIZATION As organized October 1, 1949 GENERAL ADMINISTRATION VALUATION DIVISION MOTOR VEHICLE FUEL TAX DIVISION SALES AND USE TAX DIVISION ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE CONTROL DIVISION TRANSPORTATION TAX DIVISION ASSESSMENT STANDARDS DIVISION RESEARCH AND STATISTICS DIVISION STATE BOARD OF EQUALIZATION The State Beard of Equalization plays an important role in the state government as the agency responsible for the general administration of tax laws. It is charged with the assessing or collecting of certain specific taxes and with various other duties, such as the enforcement and control of alcoholic beverages in the state and acting as a beard of appeals from ac- tion of the Franchise Tax Commissioner on bank and corporation franchise taxes and personal income taxes. The board is composed of five members, four elected by districts and the fifth being the State Controller, who is elected at large and serves ex officio. The elected officers serve for a term of four years at a salary of $12,000. (Stats . 1947, ch. 1442, p. 3009 J - Stats. 1949, ch. 1580, p. 282.) The internal organization of the board into seven divisions, under the general direction of the Executive Secretary, conforms closely to the taxes entrusted to its administration. A description of the subdivisions follows. General Administration The general administrative functions of the State Board of Equaliza- tion are under the supervision of the Executive Secretary. He plans and poor .id supervises administration of the activities of the board, I Lng . " public relations, employment of personnel, ac- pounting, and office man snt. " :\ 3 _ J_ \ ■ ?'!-■■ i'-icri The Valuation Division of the board was formed in November 1933, fol- lowing adoption of article XIII, section 14, of the constitution. Under this amendment the Stal rd of Equalization was required to --nnss pub- lic utility nr rty s b its actual value. • ' *" or ■'' : '' ^ c ^ ^"il Tax Division The Gasoline Tax Act, now called the Kotor Vehicle Fuel License Tax Act, was passed in 1923. The latest amendment to this act resulted in an ... tax rate from 3 cents to hh cents per gallon of motor vehicle for use on the public highways of California (Stats. 1%7, 1st >s., ch. 11, p. 3788). licenses are issued to distributors, and the ; rrom ;ach one is computed by the State Board of Equalization; the collected by the Controller. The Kotor Vehicle Fuel Tax Division ad- ministers the board's functions under the act. It is also charged with the stration cf the Use Fuel Tax Act of 1937. Sales and Use Tax Division The operations o£ the Sales and Use Tax Division constitute the lar- gest single activity cf the State Ecard of Equalization. The division was est ■:'■ Lished in 1933, being called at that time the Retail Sales Tax Divi- A3 z> - h :11c T "-- "- v ~e Control Pi vidian ltd of Equalization is authorized by the constitution to iicj:i;:e th tufacture, i np> bi< , ind sale of intoxicating liquors in [ . ' Lven to it by section 22 ci' article XX, as tied en I' 34. Various liq or control and excis .: acts, in Lditicn, hav« been q Lning + d.-, dutL; s of board in this field. i . .■ : 1 ^n The i:ctcr Vehicle Transportation License Tax was parsed in 1933. A ... ; gross receipts tax en hi .Tiers is adrainistei ;d by the Transportation Tax Division with certain functions being given also to the State Controller and to the Department of Motor Vehicles. An smendment to this act was passed in 1947 that allows a carrier to credit against his gross receipts tax liability one third of the unladen weight fees paid on the vehicles used to produce taxable gross receipts (Stats. 1947, 1st Ex, Sess., ch. 11, p. 3738). Av^'-Trr.-x-nt Standards Division Assessment Standards Division was created by the State Board of Equal- ization en August 1, 1933, for the purpose of working with the local asses- sors in an effort to secure better original assessments and to minimize the necessity for further equalization orders involving local property tax assessment and collection. Research "nd Statistics Division The Research and Statistics Division was formally organized August 1, 1933, when it was set up as a staff agency within the State Board of Equal- ization. It functions as a coordinating group for statistical data prepared in the other divisions of the to'.rd. FRANCHISE TAX COMMISSIONER The office of Franchise Tax Commissioner was created in 1929 to admin- ister the Bank and Corporation Franchise Tax Act. The Director of Finance, the Controller, and the Chairman of the State Board of Equalization were to ^appoint the Franchise Tax Commissioner and to prescribe his term of office and his compensation. The Commissioner has authority to make all rules and regulations to' carry out the provisions of the 1929 act, the 1937 Corpora- tion Income Tax Act, and the 1935 Personal Income Tax Act. His office con- sists of a Franchise Tax Division, which handles bank and corporation fran- chise taxes and corporation income taxes, a Personal Income Tax Division, and several units which perform functions related to both divisions and all three tax acts. These units are appeals and review, legal, collections, accounting, and statistical that are included under the general heading of Administrative Services. The duties and activities of the Franchise Tax Commissioner will be taken over by the Franchise Tax Board in January 1950. (Stats. 1949, ch. 1188, p. 2109. Approved July 25, 1949; in effect Oct. 1, 1949.) FRANCHISE TAX BOARD An act creating a Franchise Tax Board, consisting of the State Con- troller, the Director of Finance, and the chairman of the State Board of Equalization, was passed in 1949 (ch. 1188, p. 2103). Tne board will suc- le vities, powers, purposes, and jurisdiction o£ the Franchise Tax Cc issioner, ar.d the latter office will be abolished. The Franchise Tax Board is authorized to appoint an executive officer to perform the duties delegated to him by the board. "Said civil executive officer may be removed by the board only with the consent of two-thirds of the Senate." The pro- visions of this act shall become effective January 1, 1950. STATE PERSONNEL State Personnel Board :e Eniplcyees' P.etirement System STAT": PERSONNEL BCAED As organized October 1, 1949 ic;.tich u:d transactions division •.; [thing and recruiting division pay division cffic2 manage! sit division office cf the executive officer STATE PERSONNEL BCAP.D '. civil service £ . for the State c£ California was established in ,-■ : ■■- the system was entrusted first to a State Civil Lssicn, I be various ether ; jencies, until a State Personnel Re a: ' s created by constitutional rrn iue'nt in 1934. The board was to . 1 , Lnted by the Governor with the advice and con- cent of the Senate for " terra of ten years. The compensation for each enl iv ■ ; : ! Ln 1945 to -'3,600 (ch. 121, p. 533). The board authori 1 : to ' ppoint n executive officer who should be a member of the state sivil service but not a member of the beard (Const., art. XXIV, ■; j. u. present tj i the bes.rd i< sul livj ; : r : Into the Classification ■', Divd 1 , the I waning and Recruiting Division, the Pay Lcn, and Gffic- Management Division. In addition to the divisions . ■ - I service sections which may be regarded as subdivisions in ■ f the Pxecutive C r "icer. These are discussed belcw. 1 1 ic division CI issific-at'j . ... :ti< is Division r^.s the responsibility Leal wo r' alloc tion < f individual positions . •_ svised class s] cific tions, -, r.d the re -ific irocses and r or con- with ] ; ■, . ■ - ir ^' r '-' " '' • '•■'". • • livii '-ry }" c of the review of an- ■ Lcn cJ publicity, 1 :t Lcn, inictration, and scoring c£ examinations, the notification cf candidates regarding tect results, and the establishment of eligible lists. ?"-,;/ ,";i vision The Pay Division conducts statewide salary surveys and recommends ap- - rcpriate salary ranges for the various classes, establishes rates fcr classes compensated en a prevailing wage basis, reviews and makes recommen- dations on special salary adjustments, and reccrnrr.enis work-week groups for the various positions. Office I' '-. : . . nt Division The Office Management Division consists of a number cf clerical service units including the Accounting Section, Certification Section, Information Service Section, Roster Section, Clerical Services Section, General Files E :cticn, Mail and Mimeograph Unit, the San Franciscc Branch Office, and the lea Angeles Branch Office. C 'fics cf th« . ecutive Officer Under the Office of the Executive Officer are such service sections as Veterans Personnel Cervices, State Training Services, Personnel Management s, and Cooper Personnel Cervices. STATE EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM As organized October 1, 1949 .-.:.:'-:::r-unci; division :: ■;: ting division .;; !.;?.IAL AND CLAII-S DIVISION stat?: : i ■:F:cr::^3 , retirement sysi ; ' ,ate Employees' Retirement System was adopted by the people in 1930 " 7 adding section 22a to article IV cf the state ccnstituticn. A cf a i Lnistration cf eight, members manages the retirement system. . - • members of the board are elected by the active members cf the systemj Governor appc ints t ro - nbers of the beard, one cf whom must be an of- ficial cf a b; ' 5 the ether an official of a life insurance company; the three ct] 3r mem 1 rs are th Director c£ Finance, a member cf the State Per- scr.n 1 Beard v;ho is ' a by that board, and an efficial of the University ci California who is chosen by the University Regents. The term cf office for the three elected members znd the two Governor appointees is four years. The members cf the board serve without compensation, but receive their ac- ,uai and necessary expenses. The beard appoints an executive officer who Is in charge of ' Iministrative duties cf the board (Stats. 1947, ch. 206, >. 773). In 1947 tl tirement ci Legislators was added to the retirement sys- tem of the state (ch. 879, n - 2053). The .legislators' Retirement System is administered separately by the Board of Administration cf the State Employ- ees' Retirement System. t j he ret: ' " ■ ' irr/ :.. ..: Division, the .\cc ion, and the Actu- : 1 nd C] i ri sicn. tration Di ration dsicn as organ: time after 1946, when it decided to creat* ens + :. cut the functions of the retirei 1946 The Accounting Division was created in the retirement system, uocn the recommendation cf the Department of Finance, sometime in 1946. • . .:1 'i -ri al ani C T -d'T, Division I946 The Actuarial and Claims Division was craated at the same time as the Accounting Division under the reorganization recommenda- tions of the Department of Finance. EMPLOYMENT AIID UNEMPLOYMENT RELIEF State Relief Administration State Relief Commission Fcstv.-ar Construction and Employment Fcstv;ar Public Korks Review Poard State Allocation Heard Property Acquisition Hoard State Public T orks Hoard STATE RELIEF ADMINISTRATION The State Relief Administration was an agency of the state government ?. — ted originally to alleviate distress caused by depression conditions (Stats. 1933, oh. 207, p. 677). This agency functioned until June 30, 1941, when tl Itate legislature failed to appropriate funds for its continued existence. In 1943 it was abolished, as were the State Relief Commission, created in 1931, and t". "ice cf State Relief Administrator (Stats. 1943, ch. 960, p. 2343. Approved June 1, 1943; in effect Aug. 4, 1943). The Department of Finance succeeded to and had possession of all real and Per- il property of the State Relief Administration. It was the function of the beard to allocate the appropriations granted by the legislature to the local agencies for postwar public works programs "comprising the preparation cf surveys and plans and specifications for proposed public works and the acquisition of rights-of-way and sites for major streets, roads, bridges, sewerage and other public facilities." Stats. 1944, 4th Ex. Sess., ch. 47, p. 198. 1947 The Postwar Public '.orks Review Board was abolished and its powers, duties, and responsibilities were transferred tc the State Allocation Board . Stats. 1?47, ch. 243, o. 810. Approved May 14, 1947; in effect Sept. 19, 1947. State Allocation Board The State Allocation Board was created in 1946 as the administrative agency for the Construction and Employment Act that provided for "making an Impropriation for allocation to cities, counties, and cities and counties tc develop a postwar public works program comprising the preparation cf surveys and plans and specifications for proposed public works and the ac- quisition of rights of way and sites for major streets, roads, bridges, sewerage and other public facilities, and providing the procedure for mak- ing such allocation...". 1946 By nt of the Construction and Employment Act. after its passage the State Allocation Pc r as named the administrative agency for the act in place of a state public works board. The membership consisted of t] - ctor of Finance, the Director rf Public "orks, and the Real , oner. rs of rs of the re to act in an : /■ '■ l - r the beard. Stats. 1946, 1st Ex. Sess., ch. 20, p. 32. Passed ever Governor's veto Feb. 13, 1946 ; in effect May 21, 1946; ch. 103, o. 131. Ap- proved March 5, 1946; in effect May 21, 1946. 1947 The membership of the State Allocation Board was changed in 1947 to consist of the Director cf Finance, the Director of Public Works, and the Superintendent of Public Instruction instead of the Real Estate Commissioner. The four members of the legislature continued tc func- tion as advisors to the board. Stats. 1947, ch. 92, p. 567. Approved Aor. 28, 1947; in effect Sept. 19, 1947. The Allocation Hoard succeeded to the powers and duties cf the Postwar Public T ''orks Review Beard. Stats. 1947, ch. 2A3, p. 810. Approved Kay 14, 1947; in effect Sept. 19, 1947. Frorerty Acquisition Board 1 - - - ■ - The Property Acquisition Board, was created in 1944 for the purpose cf acquiring r>rcoerty for furtherance of the postwar construction program. the board consisted cf the Director cf Finance, the Director cf Public tfcrks, and the Peal Estate Commissioner. The chairman and one additional tber c£ the Senate Committee on the Postwar Construction Program, and the chairman and one additional member of the Assembly Committee en Postwar Re- habilitation, bo advise with the beard. 31 its. 1944, ' , 3., ch. 18, p. 149. Approved June 19, 1944; in Sepb. 12, 1944. 1947 The Property Acquisition Heard was abolished. Its powers and duties re transferred to the State Public '"orks Beard. ats< x r ". • " • 1795* Approved June 14, 1947; in effect pt. 19, 1947. S rate Pu b 1 i c '• brV^ Poard The State Public 'crks 3oard was established in 1946 fcr the purpose cf determining the needs cf the state agencies in regard to construction, improvements, and equipment. The board, like the Allocation Board, was to act to alleviate unemployment in the postwar years if necessary. The board is an advisory '.rent to the Division of Public "crks and Acquisition in the State Department of Finance. 1946 The State Public "crks Board was created in 1946 by the State Postwar Construction Act. The board was to consist of the Director of Finance, the Director cf Public Works, and the Real Estate Commissioner. Two members of the Senate and two meir.bers c£ the Assembly were to act in an advisory capacity tc the board and were constituted a legislative interim committee on the subject of the act. The ir.e;;bers were to re- ceive no compensation, but vera tc be reimbursed frr their actual and necessary expenses. Stats. 1946, 1st Ex. Sees., ch. 145, p. 137. Approved March 13, 1946; in effect ' y 21, 1946. 1947 The State Public "crks Board succeeded tc the powers and duties of the Property Acquisition Board, 5tats. 1947, 2h. 740, p. 1795. Approved June 14, 1947; in effect pt. 19, 1947. - Lvj UU.'.L>_rtJ .»;._,' UUJ -'../.. v.. i J.V. . • isn . no .-. j C cmrmssicn trict Oil and C-as Commissioners State Heard cf Forestry I L .o fining Poard e irk Commission - ' - . - ■ 1 Cc servaticn Commission 3" be For st Purchase Committee "' rine Research Committee Pacific I.'arine fisheries Commission Wildlife Conservation Beard Historical Landi irks Advisory Committee Reclamation Beard 3 Irrd re tion Bo- rd ::• Project Au the rity Ci :'- dc R3 ■: ' rd San Luis Rey 1 ' r Authority : urces ?c<::,ri i Lets Securities Commission County ' atervcrl s Districts Securities Commission ition Control " : - - • FUBI..IC RESOURCES AND CONSERVATION The Fish and Game Commission, District Cil and Gas Commissioners, State Foard of Forestry, State Fining Foard, ax\d the State Park Commission are policy-forming agencies connected with the Department of Natural Re- sources, r further discussion of these agencies, see Ferina, i -.lifcrnia State ^cvemr.ent, Vol. I, p. 129. Also related to that department are the State Scil Conservation Com- missicn, State Forest Purchase Committee, !-'arine Research Committee, Pacific Marine Fisheries Commission, Wildlife Conservation "card, and the Historical Landmarks Advisory Committee. These are discussed in the following pages. ,1 - 3CIL CCT'SERVATIOK CCM<ISSION Throughout the United States in recent years efforts have teen made to conserve the soil as cne of the country's great natural resources. Calif- • ' lowed this trend in 193S when the Legislature passed an act which lar '. ; a state oolicy of soil conservation through the prevention or crn- trcl of soil erosion (7ix. "ess., ch. 7). The State Soil Conservation Com- mittee of three ex officio members receiv-. I n< appropriations fro™ the legislature during the period 193-S-1945. (See Stats. 1941, ch. 600, p. 1995.) 1945 " n " amendment cf the Public Resources Code, Division 9, the Committee v.-. 3 rep] iced by the State Soil Conservation Commission, consisting of five members: the State engineer, the Dean cf the College cf Agricul- ture of the University c£ California, and the Director of Agricultural Extension of 1 It; of California-, serving ex officio, and two e::ibers tc be appointed by the Governor f r : bern of .'■ r srs, ;- r ith represent bicn fr: ■:.< :he northern and southern portions of the s1 . The of ;icn was b< prcmot he ' - •• tticn of soil conserva- : -.^ | .j_ c t Sj to investigate . i tricts, tc ; '--' e and cecp- ra1 i . il :onscrv t: itivities, and L: 1 tc administer •• . An 517,501 rani I. 1 i . ' :h. 11*7, p. 2239. July 9, ; ' ct J v . . .; ; . :. ::. : ! : : ?, ■ ' ' > 3d, and ti .. ,- . rrent cf ; r .i resource . ' ' Lfornj tate C-cvemment , Vol. I, p. 133.) [ ; - TO 1 ': s. 1949, ch. 10j 1. Approved duly 20, 1949 j Ln fcer 1, STATE PCRE3T FURCIiASE COmiTEE Certain forest conservation duties of the Department cf natural Re- sources and the State Beard of Forestry (see C ' "!_: *Vrr ^' n V t ate f-c vc rn ~ c n ^ f Vcl. 1) have recently been facilitated by creation cf the State Fcrest Pur- chase Committee in 1945. The committee is composed cf the Governor, the Director of ' . ., the . or of Natural Resources, and the Chairman of • ,rd of Forestry, and its purpose is that cf approving the ac- quisition cf for • nds upon data Presented to it by the State Eoard of Forestry. The committee may ret approve the acquisition cf any lands un- less it receives a favorable recommendation passed by the board cf super- visors of the county in which the land is situated. btats. 1?45, ch. 31? , p. 774. Approved Fay 10, 1945; in effect Sept. 15, MARINE RESEARCH COMMITTEE The Marine Research Committee was created in 19V7 fcr the purpose of ecnducting research in the development cf commercial fisheries cf the Pacific Ccean and cf marine products susceptible to being made available to the people cf California. A privilege tax cf fifty cents fcr each ten of sardines aurchased or taken v -;> r every person within four years following September 19> 19A7, was assessed. The proceeds cf this tax were to be paid into the Fish -and Game Preservation Fund. Two and one half per cent of this money was available for support c£ the Division of Rich and Game; the remainder was to be disbursed at the direction of a majority of the Marine Research Committee solely for the purpose of financing the research fcr which the committee was founded. The nine-member committee was t^ include the President o£ the Pish and mission, the Executive Director cf the Pish and Game Commission, I the Chief of the Bureau of Marine Fisheries, who were to be ex officio :. rs of the committee. The other six members c£ the committee were to be appointed by the Governor for a term of two years. The members were to be reimbursed for their actual and necessary expenses, but the sum was not lo exceed fifty dollars oer month r er member. . '. . ■ , ■■.■'.,. - • '■■■'"::'■} ' ■ V; > \ 1 PACIFIC MARINE FISKaRKS CCMKESSIC: In November 1946 a tri-state compact (California, Oregon, and Kashing- tcn) was adopted for the pjrpose cf promoting better utilization of fisher- ies cf mutual concern tc the states, and of developing a joint conservation . gram. The compact was to establish a Pacific Marine Fisheries Ccmmis- n modeled ifter the Itlantic Marine Fisheries Compact to which the sig- r tor;' states appoint one or more representatives. It was to be essentially an investigating and research body v/ith authority to submit specific recom- mendations to the respective states. 194-7 The Governor of California was authorized by the legislature tc ap- point three commissioners to the Pacific Marine Fisheries Commission for a term of four years. One commissioner was tc be a member of the Legislature who was a member cf a ccrrnittee on interstate cooperation of the legislature: one v;as to be the administrative or ether officer cf the deoartment or agency of the state charged with the conservation cf its marine fisheries resources: and the third was tc be a citizen of the state with wide knowledge and interest in the marine fisheries lem. Each Lssicner who was not a state officer i:as to receive ] rs for a. lay cf actual service, and eac -.Loner was tc be rei bursed for his actual and necessary travel expenses. Stats. 1947,- ch. 1447, p. -3014. Approved July 17, 1947; in effect Sept. 1?, 1947. WILDLIfE CONSERVATION BOARD "An act to provide for a recreational program and for the acquisition and construction of lands and facilities for the propagation and conserva- tion of wild life..." was passed in 1947. The Wildlife Conservation Board was created to administer the act. 1947 The Wildlife Conservation Board was established in 1947 in the Depart- ment cf Natural Resources. The beard was to consist of the President of the Fish and Game Commission, the executive officer designated by the commission, and the Director cf Finance. Three members of the Senate and three members cf the Assembly were to become an interim in- vestigating committee on the subject of this act. The members were to receive no compensation, but were to be reimbursed for their actual and necessary expenses. Stats. 1947, ch. 1325, p. 2831. Approved July 10, 1947; in effect Sept. 19, 1947. HISTORICAL LANDMARKS ADVISORY COMMITTEE The Historical Landmarks Advisory Committee was created in 1949, to consist of seven 1 embers appointed by the Governor. The ccrrattee has au- thority tc ; ake a continuing survey of ail important historical sites in \ state and co rec< te tate Fv ds ion these which shall officially - red; tc r?c and consider applies . r lesigna- ticn ..::-. Lon cC any his .1 wilding or 1 k; tc recciOT.end t. ■ Stats '.:.:';<:. issi< lificatiens or ce of registered il buildings and ] , the type of -iptive ma- lal to be included thereon, ■ I toric 11 landroaj ich ... 1 ali f i ed f o r • . ' ',9, ch. 143. A 6, 1949; i ' ■• '■'-•• RECLAMATION BOARD Very early in the history cf California state government the legisla- tors displayed an interest in the nroblem cf swamp and overflowed lands. Various agencies were created and abolished and certain districts were es- tablished over and over again, but no coordinated plan of development sur- vived for any extended period until the Reclamation Beard was established in 1911. The board consists of seven members appointed by and serving at the pleasure of the Governor. The Director of Finance is executive officer of the board for the purpose of reporting to the Governor's Council. Each ap- pointed member cf the board was to receive necessary expenses incurred in the performance of official duties and $20 for sach day in attendance at board meetings, but his total annual salary was not to exceed $1,000. The board functions as the agency for carrying cut the plan cf con- trolling the flood water of the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers and their t r -i mtaries fcr the improvement and preservation of navigation and the reclamation and protection cf lands that are susceptible to overflow. I • ! Reclamation Beard it. attached to the Department cf finance for Lsory purpc s< " only. STATE IRRIGATION ECARD Section one of the California Uater Conservation District Act, passed in 1923, created a board to be known as the State Irrigation Poard, consist- ing of the State Engineer as chairman and two executive directors cf the T 'ater Storage District Act. The board functions as such only in the organ- ization of districts under the California " ater Conservation District Act, but the executive directors may be called upon by the State Engineer to perform ether duties under the 'ater Storage District Act. (California Blue Book, 1946) T'ATER PROJECT AUTHORITY After consideration of the many studies made by state and federal agencies, legislative committees, and the special commissions, the Legisla- ture passed the Central Valley Project Act in 1933. This act created the I.'ater Project Authority of the State cf California, consisting of the Attor- ney General, State Controller, State Treasurer, Director cf Finance, and Director of Public v orks. In the event that any cf these offices were abol- ished at cc :.2 future time, prevision was made for the appointment of addi- tional members. The Director of Public T 'orks was to be the chairman cf the hority, t] . .e Engineer its executive officer. Members were to serve without cc ticn other than necessary expenses incurred in travel on f fici al bus ino s s . The rater verity was civ with the responsibility of itructing t . it ■ ."■ telL Proj ct. H " ■ in 1735, by icutive r cf the Fr sident, the C 1 Valley Tj rcject ut ord : ' : ; : I as a federal reels ticn enterprise. The ■ is being constructed, therefore, by the pureau of Reclamation of the United States D< lit of icr. The tec rk of tl cf " ater Resources of tl < Porks. COLORADO RIVER BOARD The story cf the Colorado River has been written many times. For years the wide interest in its control and development was expressed in surveys, reports, and investigations cf various governmental agencies and private individuals. The Legislature established the Colorado River Commission cf California in 1927 and, in 1937, the Colorado River Board. This act of 1937 provided that a list of not less than two persons was to be submitted to the Governor by each cf the following: the legislative body cf the city cf San Diego and the governing bodies cf the Palo Verde Irrigation District, the Imperial Irrigation District, the Ccachella Valley County V.ater District, the Metropolitan "ater District of Southern California, and the Los Angeles Department of 'ater and Power. From each such list the Governor was to ap- point one member cf the board. The members were to serve without compensa- tion other than expenses incurred in the performance of official duties. Annually the board was to elect one cf its members chairman. He was to be ex officio the Ccloradc River Commissioner. The board appoints an executive secretary frcm a list of not less than two persons submitted to it by the Commissioner. The board was authorized to exercise en behalf of the State of California all the rights and duties conferred by the United >ta1 s Law known sz the Boulder Canyon Project Act. The beard was also to furt! er i • " bions concerning the uses of and claims to the waters I iver. In 1941 sectior 8 of tl j Act of 1937, which for ref July ' . Ll } of cri'i: iributed to 1 iver f and for ■ -v.ri (ch. 139, P. 11S3). "' SAN LUIS T.Y PATER AUTHORITY The fan Luis P.ey T 'ater Authority ".-as created in 1939. It was to ccn- [ t of seven rr.err;! ^rz appointed by the Governor for staggered terms r± four >•_-. Cn ". .bcr was to represent each of the following districts cr in- - ■■ sts: The city c£ Oceanside, the Vista Irri ation District, the Fall- hr •' Public Utilit; [strict, the Carlsbad tfutua] '-'ater Ccropfny, and the rd nf Duperviscrs of ' : '_e Dieeo County. Che other two rerb.ers ■• r erc to be .:■: of land riparian tc the San Luis " River, to represent the ripar- ian landowners. The expenses cf nierbers and three o£ ths nplcyees of the ■ i1 -rity were be be ; Ld £ •■ ■ enatiens. The function rf th - :crity w s to sun the ' Lais ." liver watershed ai •' tc '-'.■■ ; r use, con- flicting claims, conservati* t, etc. " n ■ rrm r * prccl .:. rf rns .-■- ' . r :"_; til ; , and utilizing C ;lifo • La's ' ' "v " :urces tc he best '• ttag has , -.~<-.-<. legislated ^ for rany years, Lsic en ; he various ;1 s of t u c proh] ;nv shif i : 'i c : - ' ■ ■ time, r : n< :aticn of ny difforeni state • ' ' tirr with re- 1 irt , ts. I •■ I : r . j Utur ted b] t J r '■: : , :hc - ' '';•.. [ < flood cont re] nd . 'al water . 1 ' " ?h -'-..;-.' - r - ,, tc consist of 3 r in- "cinted u " t'v r .-"~ rn< ■ r£ four re r: . Ctif rf ' "~ br - secretary •.. : ■ . '. ■ r tc bc:-.rc ithcut " Lticn 3 zc: .. : i n hi . ' -' i ceeeiv« liar r 1 the ':■- Lcri tt tc d dollar ens f.i Iditicn, eac r was to ' reimbursed for hi ry r=« j , : - - •;.- .. the fc-ciiiti availab] "or en . <~f ' . "• ' : ; - to the ' ater 7 , Jul- 19, 1745 J ii ' ct i districts rjcmi PISS n A KMISSICN ' ; Lil'crnis Districts Securities Commission was created in 1931. 11 " ■ '-■■' consist cf the Attorney Gener 1, State Engineer, Superintendent <■:'■>■'' ] ' "' . ; d by the Governor for a term cT "• . " ch of '-.' 3 ippcinted - - fcers was required to h=ve had at A p -' - years actual e Lsnce 3ff; > r. r California irriga- ticr district as "n officer or "mplcyce . ill rrenbers were *r receive ac- tual lses incurr ; on official business, and the apoointed members Itrere tc receive in addition '10 for each d y snt in the discharge of 'ici I duties . ccrmi L ; it] ■"".;■ cti i supervision cf the fiscnl ind physic 1 affairs of irrigation and other agricultural districts crganised under th< lav;s rf the state. The California Districts Securities ■ z' ■■■■■ a = ccnl Lnuaticn cf the earlier Be] i Certification ^ct. The new ccm- sion succe '. - ties r f ; s Califor 1 t " end Certifi- L sicn. COUNTY V'ATER'-CRKS DISTRICT SECURITIES COMMISSION The CrurXy ~ aten.'orkn Districts Securities Ccrrissicn v-a established in 1?A3 -cr the purcese cf reoorting on the financial condition cf the • c>ecial local waterworks districts. The cc_T_rrdssion :mz tc consist of the Attorney General, the Director rf Public "crks, and the Superintendent cf Cne of the i fibers "." ~ to ~ct ?s chairman cf the ccirzmissicn (Stats. 1943, ch. 36?, p. 1777. Approved Fay 13, 1943; in effect kug. 4, 1943). "The sections rf the California T *ater Cede providing for the establish- ment cf the Countj 7 'Saterwcrks Districts Securities Corrmissicn were repealed In lv45 (ch. 321, p. 780. Approved Kay 11, 1945; in effect Sept. 15, 1945). STATE WATER POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD California's system for the control of water pollution has been appre- ciably changed by new measures enacted by the 1949 Legislature. An addition tc the State V'ater Code has brought water pollution under the control cf a Itate T 'ater Pollution Control Board and nine regional water pollution control beards, 1949 The State Kater Pollution Control Board is a new agency which consists cf the State Director of Public Health, the State Engineer, the State Director cf Natural Resources, the State Director of Agriculture, and nine other members appointed by the Governor. Of the nine, at least one is to be selected from qualified persons engaged in each of the follc.dng fields: (a) Production and supply cf domestic water; (b) Irri -.-riculture; (c) Industrial water use; ('.!) Production of industrial waste; (e) Public : disposal; (f) City government; (g) County government. An engineer is appointed by the board to serve, at its pleasure, as executive officer. The functions and duties of the beard include: 1. Formulation cf a state-wide policy for control of water pollu- tion with due regard fcr, the authority of regional boards. 2. A vration of \ ) 5-wide ' irograin of financial assis- tance fcr water pollution control which may be del I to it by lav. 3. Administration ci state-wide program of research in the technical pi Lution control which .ray be delegated to it by lav;. 4. X; to ecrreel partial! Lng or threatened condition U Men in case;. regie] " to dc so, ch of the nine regional boards his jurisdiction in a ■ -hie area - in the law. Each I ists of five persons, to be -- hy Governor. PCRTS AND HARBORS Beard of State Harbor Cc::i: n dssicners for San Francisco Harbor Beard of State Harbor Coran&ssioners fer the Bay of San Diego Beard of Harl i '' d rsicners for Hu^cldt Bay Filets Fort 'Warden.-; BCARD OF STATS HARBOR COMMISSIONERS FOR SAN FRANCISCO HARBOR The port of S^n Francisco has a long history, dating back to the days of Spanish occupation of California. Its development was haphazard and under private ownership until 1263, when the first state agency was estab- lished to manage it. Since then the whole waterfront has changed greatly, commerce has increased enormously, and the Board of State Harbor Coramis- sicners for San Francisco Bay has expanded proportionately. The laws gov- erning the activities of the board were compiled in 1937 into a Harbors and Navigation Code. In 1945 an act passed amending the code sections relating to officers and employees of the beard, 1945 No changes were made in the composition of the beard or in the manner appointed. The board is composed of three commissioners appointed by and holding office at the pleasure of the Governor. One of the members of the board is elected president. The annual salary of each member of the board is CI, 200. The board was to appoint a port manager and, subject to civil service laws, a secretary and administrative assistant, an assistant secretary, a chief wharfinger, and any necessary number of wharfingers ana collectors. The beard was to supervise the operation of facilities and properties of the state, particularly the dock sy he State Belt Rail 1 ay. The port e rer receives an annual salary of £12,000. He is the cer rf the board. The work of the beard is ,, r - ;.. . ion I inten- ance, . t ' ' ] , a n d Port Operate , Stat;;. 1945, ch. 410, p. 873. Approved Kay 22 5; in effect Sept. 15, 1945. BOARD CF STATS HARBOR CONCESSIONERS FCE THE BAY OF SAN DISCO The first Eoard of State Harbor Commissioners for the Pay cf San Diego was created in 1839. It was patterned more cr less en the Board of State rbor Commissioners for San Francisco, but never developed to the same ex- tent. It was finally abolished in 1927, but was created a second time in 1933 . The final legal provisions cencerninr the beard were established by the Harbors and Navigation Cede in 1937 « 1945 In 1945 the Board of State Harbor Commissioners for the Bay cf San Diego was abolished for the second time. Stats. 1945, ch. 479, p. ?7S. Approved Hay 25, 1945; in effect Sept. 15, 1945. BOARD OF HARBOR COMMISSIONERS IX?. HWSCLDT DAY The Board of Harbor Commissioners fcr Humboldt Bay was to be the con- trolling agency fcr the Pert of Eureka. The board was to consist of three members appointed by the Governor for terms of fcur years. One of the mem- bers was to act as ex officio surveyor c£ the pert and secretary of the beard. The salary of the surveyor was to be $1,400 annually, and the sal- cry oi the other members was to be $400 annually. The board succeeded to the powers and duties of the Department of Pub- lic V.orks with respect to the Port of Eureka, Humboldt Eay, and Eureka Har- bor. Stats. 1945, ch. 179, p. 653. Approved Kay 2, 1945: in effect Sept. 15, 1945. PHOTS Cne of the early concerns of California legislators was with the ap- pcintnent and regulation cf licensed pilots for the various harbors along the coast. The current legal previsions regulating pilots may be fcund in the Harbors and Navigation Cede, passed in 1937. The Governor, with the consent of the Senate, may still "appoint pilots for each harbor for which there is not a board cf pilot commissioners and for which harbor the ap- pointment of pilots is not otherwise provided for by law. Pilots so ap- pointed shall hold office at the pleasure of the Governor." San Francisco Mien the final legal provisions concerning pilots and the board of commissioners were incorporated in 1937 into the Harbors and Navigation Code, the name of the beard was changed to Board of Pilot Commissioners for the Bays of San Francisco, San Pablo, and Suisun. The Lhree members, who were to be appointed by the Governor with the advice of the Senate, were to be United States citizens and residents of ere cf the following counties: San ?r--:-.cisco, Alameda, Contra Costa, Karin, San Mateo, Santa Clara, or Solano. They were to hold office at the pleasure of the Governor for a term not to exceed four years. They •■•ere to receive such con ion as the i ' - o exceed .C oer ;tU r,l ex • cu red (Stats. 1947, ch. 1377, pi -926). •1 The first act to provide :c r and regulate ; ilets si Kum- sed in 1651. In 1S60 a special boar r 'ablished 3. The pre ent 1 • ■ "• .. . ■ r act • Filet Commissioners for Humboldt Pay and Bar was to consist of three persons tc be appointed by and to hold office at the pleasure of the Governor. renters were to be Eureka residents, two of them business men, and the ether a shipmaster or nautical man. The board was to appoint pilots for Rumboldt Eay, and to administer the law generally. Compensation of members was set at *U for each day actually em? eyed in the discharge of their du- bies (Stats. 1937, ch. 370, p. 1183). San Dier-c As early as 1353 provision was rrade for regulating pilots in San Diego Pay. The present law, in the Harbors and Navigation Code, was taken from an earlier act c: 1911 [ch. 102, p. 267). The -card of Pilot Commissioners for the Bay of San Diego was to con- sist of two residents of San Diego, one a citizen and the other a nautical rn, ajjpeinted by the Governor \ and the Mayor of San Diego serving ex offi- cic. Members were tc serve at the pleasure cf the Governor, the torn not tc exceed four years. Pilots were to pay five per cent of their fees tc the hoard in full compensation for its services and expenses (Stats. 1937, In. >68, c 825). FORT VOHDEJS As in the case cf pilots, prevision was made by the first legislature fcr the appointment cf pert wardens fcr the various California harbors. These officers were required, at the request of any person interested in either vessel or cargc, to make a survey cf any ship arriving in distress or which had been damaged at sea. The current legal provisions regulating pert wardens are contained in the Harbors and Navigation Cede, Beard of port Wardens f^r the Port of San Francisco 1S53 In this year the law provided fcr four port wardens fcr San Frinci'jco, and this prevision is still in force. The members of the Ecard cf Pert VJardens fcr the Port cf San Francisco were to be appointed by the Governor. Twc cr more of the four were to be master mariners. The compensation for each warden fcr each survey remained at £15, but the fee was net to exceed 075 for any one vessel. BRIDGES California Toll Bridge Authority CALIFORNIA TOLL BRIDGE AUTHORITY The California Toll Bridge Authority was created in 1929. The member- ship consisted of the Governor, who was chairman, Lieutenant Governor, ths director of Public *brks, Director of Finance, and a person or officer of the state appointed by the Governor. The members were to serve without jompensation, other than actual traveling expenses incurred in the discharge p.f their duties. The function of the California Tell Bridge Authority was to work jlosely with the Department of Public V'orks in the construction or acquisi- icn of toll bridges and other tell highway crossings. The actual building >f bridges was to be dene by the department, but the authority was given uch powers and duties as determining when and where bridges were necessary, uthcrizing bona issues, setting toll rates, and acquiring land by eminent Ln. The laws relating to toll ferries, toll road3, and bridges were laced in the Streets rind Highways Code in 1947 (ch. 176, p. 702). E AND FARM FINANCE Agricultural Prorate Advisory Commission Agricultural Research Study Committee California Dairy Industry Advisory Pcard California Farm Debt Adjustment Commission California Farm Production Council Poultry Improvement Ccmoissicn be Utilization Cc aission State livestock Sanitary Committee AGRICULTURAL PRORATE ADVISORY COMMISSION The Agricultural Prorate Advisory Commission was created in 1939 as an Cutgrowth cf an earlier act cf 1933 that -./as the first attempt by this state tc control economic conditions in the field cf agriculture. The commission was to consist cf eight members appointed by the Gover- nor, by and with the consent cf the Senate, for staggered terms of fcur years, and the Director of Agriculture as a ninth, ex officio member. Six of the appointive members were tc be engaged at the time of their appoint- ment in the production of agricultural commodities *s their principal occu- pation, but no two of them were to represent the same sommodity. One -r- bcintive member was tc represent consumers generally, and he was to be neither a producer nor a handler of agricultural commodities \ and cne was tc bs an experienced commercial handler cf agricultural products. The com- pen- tion of commission members was set at £10 for each day actually spent In official business, and traveling expenses. 1 Agricultural Prorate Advisory Commission was tc form policies and tc • ' up ■:-■:■ ; regulations. Cns member was to be cresent rings ■■■/ - the establishment of '—•■-tion pre . ie com- : , - 2 \ i Low the I ' ■ " . . ritten findini '' .1 ' . .a ret. ' ith't-j - - I . vA to nrc\ Lde such AGRICULTURAI RESEARCH STUDY COKMITI The Agricultural Research Study Ccrrmittee was created in 1%6 for the purpose cf obtaining information from farmers, farmer associations, commod- ity -roups, and ether reliable sources, relative tc the type of research - ' information needed to contribute to the continued progress of agricul- ture in the state. 19Ac The committee v:as tc consist of nine members appointed by and serving at the pleasure of the Governor. Three of the nine members were to represent the public at large; the ether members were tc possess nrac- tical knowledge and exoerience in the production, processing, or dis- tribution of agricultural, horticultural, viticultural, livestock, and dairy cr poultry products. Ex officio members v:ere tc be the Ilrector cf Agriculture, the Dean of the College of Agriculture, and one r.ember each cf the Senate and Assembly. The legislative members constituted an interim committee. Members vere to receive ro compensation, but were to be reimbursed for expenses incurred in connection with their duties. The committee was to go out of existence at the end of the Fifty-seventh Regular Session cf the Legislature (1947). ■ ; 'b3. 1946, 1st Ex. Sess., ch. 144, p. 136. Approve ch 12, 1946; in effect May 21, 1946. n a -.t d in 1917 ii i the leg: four 2nd continued the ccrii'i ■ of th - ■■ ^ n , biens of the coi en nditure cf fui ' • ■' *'- Q Univer- - cf C - ' . . i ':: , ch. us, ?. 641. • ■■ , 1947; in .19, • '. 1947, ch. 1 . • • •■• •' y 19, 1947; " ' ct . i . , . • - CALIFORNIA DAIRY INDUSTRY ADVISORY BOARD The California Dairy Industry Advisory Board was created in 1945 by the J;y~islaturc and activated by the producers and handlers of milk in a rendum vote. The purpese cf the act was tc stabilize, maintain, ai expand ths dairy industry in the state thrcugh research, advertising, edu- cation, and public relations. Ths board was to consist cf nineteen members appointed by the Director cf Agriculture fro? nominations made by the producers, producer-handlers, |nd handlers cf milk products for terms cf three years. Eight of the ap- pointive nember: vere to be engaged in the production of riik; four of the e rht members were tc be interested in pre Lucticn cf manufacturing milk and four members vere tc be interested in production of market milk. Eight ap- pointive members were to hi lucer-handlers, and the three remaining ap- fcintiv ' :it irs '.-ere to be producer-handlers v.hc produced a manor portion cf the milk used in t] ducts handled by th ". ccr per cf the board members v;as set at $10 for each d^.y ac- ually :--.ent on official business, and traveling expenses.-. T u c ch i ' m.i vice chairman and three ether members were to iel eG t ''■-'.'.•■ - frc Lts . " jrs to serve as the executive ccm- ". : I j to it 1 r of Agriculture. Its. i«i5, ch. 1217, -. ' ' : . ~ 10, 1945; in ef fee r - v.i :cj • • CALIFORNIA FARM D^BT ADJUSTMENT CC!-!tfI3SICN A temporary body to be known as the California Farm Debt Adjustment Commission was created in 1935 when farmers throughout the country were ex- periencing great financial distress. It was to consist of fifteen members appointed by and to .serve at the pleasure of the Governor. Members were to receive nc compensation, but were Lo be reimbursed for expenses incurred in connection with their duties. The committee was to go cut of existence Sept. 15, 1937. Its tern was continued by 1937 and 1939 legislation. 1941 The existence of the commission was extended in 1941 until the 95th day after the final adjournment of the Fifty-fifth Regular Session of the Legislature. It was the duty ci the commission ,! to assist in the voluntary adjustment of Farm obligations and to that end tc appoint, by and with the consent of the Governor, local farm debt adjustment committees in each county of the State in which there is a sufficient agricultural population to justify such appointment, and tc provide an ncv and me ns through which farmer debtors and their creditors may enter into voluntary agreements satisfactorily to adjust their obliga- tions . " .!?/;!, ch. "V, p. 1969. -. J" ne -'■> 194X5 ir "eci im- * «. X ■ - - - - t changed in 1' '. . .' . ' -. ~ ' , ch. 1< 18, . -295^. Approved ; ... . • . . . - • J . CALIFORNIA FARM PRODUCTION COUNCIL "An act tc provide means of achieving and making available the maximum production cf food ; :rJ fiber from existinc farm labor and facilities and to j»£ ' ch l£fccr - nd facilities*.." passed in 1?43» A Far™ Production Council was en ;ed tc =d :nister the act. By this act California became : ' ' "•■"" state tc inil ' e a bread program, independently of the ;: 1 C^V' rrr.er.t, tc enabl . ■ r achievi t! ;'r w rtin ion Ls through assistance in solving their production problems. 1943 '-'<" '- California ^r Production Council was to consist of seven members, appointed by the Govs icnsent cf the Senate, tc serve at ■ are cZ lb Gov srnor. One of ti rs was to be a person cf practical kn< and experience in the pr or of citr fruits j one in f raits ether than citrus; one in dairy products] one in livestock; c . 'ield crops; one in truck crops; and one in cotton. -.'•j were :.• rec .'a aticn, but a:; to be reirabur ed for thsir travelir incurred in t ce cf tl sir duties, a Ths direc or cf t! : tc be appointed by and serv .t the .-, ;ure r n the q c , 1th < salary net t< - L0,000. Thi until one - ' il- ., ch. 1. Apprcvec " r. 2?, 1943; Ii r r •■•-. «- / j - / ■ . j • .-••-".:.. l-c: . Drpart FJ • he control £.11 ' ' ct ... : ;-■. , .... -.;.... : ; > Coot. 19, 1 ' : '• i :ultry ir:-r.v~fT ccn-n ion The 1939 act ere the Poultry Improvement Ccr^nission (ch. 950, p. 2665; approved July 22, 1939, in effect Sept. 19, 1939) was repealed by an act cf 1947 which i Ide I Article- 3 to Chapter 1 of Division 1 of the Agricultural Cede providing for Poultry Improvement Commission (ch. 173* p. 699j approved "■;• '\ ] '?. Lr " ct Sept. 19, 1947). The commission was tc consist of sev . ' ber ppointec by the Governor, chosen to repre- sent th -" -: major poultry' dis' cts in the state, 'nd three ex officio : .. ' =rs: the chj . and Veterinary Divisions cf the Univer- sity cf California, an< tate Director c.: Agriculture. The appointed tiembe r s -are to servo for st erms of four pears. Thej were to re- ceive no comper bursed for traveling and other e.x- v? Incurred in L '' 'fc ce cf xh^ir official duties. The poultry ct fund in the SI p was :ci in existence. The liosion v;.-js tr core! illy a poultry aestir ject at Kodesto or similarly situated place. jcri-sissiou p ■ . tcr of . -ri- ,-.',• :' : ' ' tcr of T! ' " ■ rces, he ,,_■-, ex ( - in 1939 r v -■ i • Jj • • -.artr.cnt -. ' : ; : ] : '" J that ' tc v ! STATE LIVESTOCK SANITARY COMMITTEE "For the purpose cf protecting the agricultural industry cf this State and to coordinate livestock sanitary activities within this State and among the several states having common or similar problems in the field cf live- stock disease prevention quarantine, eradication rr control..." the Live- stock Sanitary Committee was created in 1947. The committee was to ho composed cf three members appointed by the Governor for 2 term cf two years. Cne member was to be recommended by the Director of Agriculture to represent the official livestock sanitary ser- vices of the state. The other members were to be representatives cf the livestock industry cf the state. The;- were to receive '112,50 per diem in addition to traveling an incidental expenses incurred in the performance cf their duties. The committee was to go out of existence on the 91st day after fin iournr nt cf the 1949 Regular Session of the Legislature. (St; . 1947, ch. 289, p. 20:7. Aoproved June 20, 1947; in effect Sept. 19, ■•) By amendment of Section 205.5 of the Agricultural Code, the life of the committee was extended to the 91st day after final adjournment of the 1951 Regular Session of the Legislature. Stats. 1949, ch. 984, p. 1784. Approved July 1949; in effect Oct. 1, 1949. PUBLIC UTILITY REGULATION Public Utilities Commission FUELIC UTILITIES COMMISSION California began to regulate railroads as early as 1376. It wasn't until 1911, however, that real control of railroads and public utilities war, started when the constitution was amended and the Public Utilities Act was passed. After that date the Railroad Commission assumed a position of vit"l importance in the state government. By another amendment to the con- stitution en November 5, 1946, the Railroad Commission was continued in existence as the Public Utilities Commission. The organization of the com- mission is iiscucscu' below. 1946 Amendment of section 22 of article XII of the California consti- tution charred the name cf tfee Railroad Commission to the Public Utilities Commission. The membership of the commission continued to be five members appointed by the Governor from the state at large. The legislature was authorized, at its discretion, to divide the state into districts for purposes of appointment. The commissioners were to serve for staggered terms of six years. Salaries -.vera to be fixed by the Legislature. The annual salary cf each commissioner was set at 612,000 in 194? (ch. H42, p. 3C09). _ The trative merit w< d stime i S. The 1 rtnrenl ■ lev " tion cf the Secretary c± the Commission is com- i of units hand : iications and cases, records of offi- E . tctions, ■ 3 accounting, filing , perscn- ■ other I 5. The r.t ..-t:i cf the general staff created in 1914 under the •ic bment. / • Public Utilities Division The Public Utilities Division was formerly called a department. The change was mode sometime in 1947 or 1948. At present there are six subsec- tions in this division that were formerly called divisions. 1. Valuation Section The Valuation Section has been in operation since 1926. The sec- tion is responsible for detailed analysis in matters connected with rates, finance, land values, sales, transfers, and condemnation of utility properties. 2. Research Section The Research Section was organized in 1937 for the purpose of maintaining statistics of operating results of the various utilities, and prepares annually reports summarising the results of operation of the gas, electric, telephone, and water utilities. 3. Electric Section The work of the Electric Section is primarily concerned with the technical and engineering details of regulating the operation of the 23 privately owned and operated public utilities rendering electric service within the state of California. The Electric Section previous tc 1944 was combined with the Gas and Electric Division. ' . Gas Section The Gas . ' •:. ■ - : -r to 1944, was part cf \ " _ 1c i sion, ■ ■ recr 3. Thi3 sec- tion investi -• ■ • 5. Hydr tulic S The Hydraulic Section is res ble for i 3ted with • utili . ■ 6. Telephone and Telegraph Section The Telephone and Telegraph Section prepares studies dealing with operation, rates, service problems, and facility development in tele- phone and telegraph utilities. Fiv-nce -ni Account? Division Sometime in 1947 or 1948 the Department of Finance and Accounts became Fin nee and Accounts Division, it has charge of all accounting records •-•< i gives technical advice to the commission in matters relating to the is- suance by utility companies cf stocks, bonds, and securities. Fransoorl ation .'. Lvi si en Transportation Division is primarily concerned with the rates, ser- vice, and safety of operation cf for-hire carriers of persons and property by rail, highway, and water. A considerable portion cf time is devoted to cost, service, revenue, and rate studies. It has at present seven subsec- ti< n: • 1. Rate Section As the name suggests, the Rate Section is concerned with rates, rules, and regulatioi 3 of for-hire carriers cf persons and property. 2. Truci 'Otic:: • - i •) Lon is concerned ilating the transportation of f r I ;ers by truck and bus. 3. T 'e. ,. : Ln ] !f7. 71 :tion is responsible for li< - -' the ' ld City ; . rs' .'.cts. 4. Field Section The Fiell Section is charged with the task of enforcing the sta- tutes administered by the commission. The state is divided into two areas, the Northern Area (territory lying north of San Luis Obispo and Kern Counties) and the Southern Area. The section is supervised by a Chief Transportation Representative. Within the two areas are districts, and a D'strict Transportation Representative is in charge of each dis- trict. The Field Section was formerly the Division of Investigation. 5. Engineering Section Service and Permit Division 1943 The Service and Permit Division was created in 1943 for the purpose of investigating matters relating to steam and elec- tric railroads, street railways, passenger stage operations, grade crossings, cost of transportation, and ether matters involving transportation companies of all classes. The En- gineering Division was absorbed by the Service and Permit Division. gineering Division 1946 Sometime in 1946 rvice and Permit Division was renamed the leering Division. Eng] "!_-. : . ■_, )i vision was made a section in the organiza- tional scale. 6. Research m , arcn Section of the Tram- Lon Division investigates bters involving , '- twee and £ervice of "' r r ' dl motor i Lines. 7. Operations and Safety Section Before 1%6 the Operations and Safety Section was called the Safety Division. The section investigates the enforcement of safety measures and conducts transocrtaticn safety education. legal Division The Legal Division has been in operation since 1912. Its functions include litigation and intervention before the courts and regulatory author- ities, end advising the commission, members of the staff, and the public en legal questions relating to the commission's '.vork. RACING REGULATION California Horse Racing Board CALIFORNIA HORSE RACING BOARD Ar. attempt to regulate and license horse racing and betting in Califor- nia was made in 1926. An initiative measure en the subject was rejected by the voters on November 2, 1926. Nothing mere was done until 1933, '-hen an act was passed establishing the California Horse 7:acing Beard. The 1933 lav; provided that the California Horse Racing Board should consist of three members ; ppointed by the Governor for staggered terns of four years. Kembers were to serve without compensation other than necessary traveling expenses, A secretary, appointed by the board, was to receive a salary of f#,000 per annum. The function of the board was to regulate, license, ^nd supervise horse racing and wagering on horse races. Cnly the pari mutuel method of wagering was to be used, and the beard was to collect a certain percentage of the peels. Participants and officials were to be lice as «;d. REGULATION C? PROFESSIONS State Bar of California Board of Osteopathic Examiners STATE EAR OF CALIFORNIA The function of examining and passing upon the qualifications of those who wished to practice lav/ in California was early assigned to the supreme court. It was not until 1919 that a special state beard was created tc perform this duty. Finally, in 1927, the responsibilities of the State Board of Ear Examiners were turned ever to a special committee of the State Bar cf California. The State Ear cf California, created in 1927 as a. public corporation, was tc consist of fifteen members elected from specific State Par Districts for :.t. angered terms of three years. Its administrative body was to be the Board cf Governors of the State Ear. The Board of Governors was to create local adrinistrative committees and delegate to them such of its powers and duties as deemed advisable. The board was to establish a special examining ccnrrlttee with power to fix ;.:'.a ^rter^iine the qualifications for admission to practice law in this state, to examine all applicants, and to recommend tc the supreme court for admission to practice law those who fulfill the requirements. The current legal previsions affecting the State ' r may be found in the :; :.-i;:jss and Professions Cede. Chapter ?,k cf the Statutes of 39 made ■r in this cc BOARD CF OSTEOPATHIC EXAIOEEBS The regulation of osteopathy as a specific brrnch c£ medicine was started in 1901 with the creation cf a special State Board of Osteopathic Examiners. ITien the I'edical Practice Act of 1907 was passed, osteopathy and all other branches cf medicine were placed under the control cf a com- posite examining board. After 1913, until the initiative measure of 1922 j ssed, the practice of osteopathy received no special recognition, but wus supervised in the sane manner as all rredical practice by the Board cf Medical Examiners. By the Osteopathic Act of 1922, the Board of Osteopathic Examiners of the state of California was created. It was to consist of five members ap- pointed by the Governor for terms cf three years. All nembers were to be graduates cf osteopathic schools who held unrevoked licenses to practice in California. They were to receive no compensation except traveling expenses - tlO for each day of actual service in the discharge of official duties. STATS UNIVERSITY University of California Board of Regents Hastings College of the Lav/ Board of Directors UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA The majority cf California state institutions come under the jurisdic- tion of one or another cf the large government departments. They have been .described, therefore, in the first volume of this study. The University of California, however, has a unique position in the state government. The organic act establishing the University of California was passed in 1863. In the first sixty years the institution exhibited such amazing vitality in its development that it came to serve more fulltime resident students than any ether college or university in the United States. By 1933 the Perkeley campus • lone led all colleges and universities in the country. The university has in all, however, eight campuses. Besides the largest and most widely known elements of the institution, namely, those on the Berkeley campus and on the Los Angeles campus, other units hold strategic positions. recently acquired Santa Barbara campus has the same type cf academic training as that found on the Berkeley and Los Angeles campuses. The College of Agriculture offers supplementary instruction at Davis, where the Univer- sity Farm is located, and at Riverside, site of the Citrus Experiment Sta- tion, The Medical Center, with the Toland Medical School, the George Wil- 3 i: oc-.2? Foundation (fcr medical research), a hospital and clinics, and, • lrtj th lf 3 of] :, Ls in San Francisco. In that city re the Hastings College of tl , the College of Den- tistry, the College of Fha i , and the California School of Fine Arts. Adv . research is c - the Lick Astr. °ry en . nton i PS Institute of Oc by at La Jolla. The • .. Kellogg Institute of 7 is no ] r a part niversity, the title to I r -° the . t ti s km . i '?<• The California constitution, as amended in 1918, placed the control and administration of this institution in the hands of the Board of Regents of the University of California. This corporation was given full powers of or- ganization, subject only to such legislative control as might be necessary to insure compliance with the terms of the endowments of the university and the security of its funds. The beard was to consist of sixteen members ap- pointed by the Governor and eight, ex officio members as follows: the Gover- nor, lieutenant Governor, speaker of the Assembly, Superintendent of Public Instruction, president of the State Board of Agriculture, president of the Mechanics Institute of San Francisco, president of the alumni association of the university, and the president of the university. The appointive mem- bers were to serve for staggered terms of sixteen years. (California Con- stitution, art. IX, sec. 9) The Hastings College of the Law, established by a special act of the 1879 Legislature, has as its officers a dean, a registrar, and eight direc- tors. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the state is ore3ident of the I?oard of Directors. (Education Cede, div. 10, ch. 1, art. 6, p. 543) DIS AS ER FR2 PAREDK3SS State Emergency Council California State Ccuncil of Defense California State War Ccuncil California State Disaster Council (See Governor's Office) STATE EMERGENCY COUNCIL Various attempts have been made, particularly by municipalities, tc draw up pr . s plans in order to have a working-organization in readiness whenever disaster right strike. In 1929 the State of California took a similar step in creating the State Emergency Council. In 1945 the laws pertaining to the council were codified in the Government Code (ch. 11?, ?. 503). The State Emergency Council was to consist cf the heads cf the Depart- ments of Finance, Public Works, !-3Llitary and Veterans' Affairs, and Public Ithj a * mber representing the American Legion; cne representing the American Red Cress; a member representing the transportation interests of ifcrnia; cne from the business organizations cf the state; and cne peace officer. The members were tc be appointed by the Governor for a term of .rs, and ./ere to serve without pay other than expenses incurred in the rei'fcrwance cf official business. Tbe purpose cf th : council was tc prepare nd to consider ways tr,-I means for lealing with possible future emergencies in the state. The rncr was required to declare, in bimes cf I "rs as fj •€ , :. 2s, etc., that an 6 I. Under certain cci tirr.s v -e '.-vs tc officers cr d . • tc take : cf nece ■ . ■ ■ p Wfr .r, ~<- - ■ rency Council rate in si Activities. CALIFORNIA Z?:c:, COUNCIL C? DLPJ'SE This agency was crested in 1941, when the Second " T orld "ar was just beginning. Its function was "to plan for the mobilization of agricultural, industrial, ccranunication and transportation facilities, for the protection of individual rights and consumer Interests and for the suppression of fcabcta^e and subversivi activities...*" 1911 A temporary boiy to 7 ! icwn :".3 the California Stats Council of Defense was created in 1941. It was to consist of the Governor, the Attorney General, the Adjutant General, the State Superinten- dent of Public Instruction, the Director cf Public Health, and twenty members appointed by and to serve at the pleasure of the Governor, subject to S confirmation. Members were to re- ceive no compensation, but were to be reimbursed for their actual and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their du- ties. Tl :utive Committee cf the council was to appoint the -hers of the council to the six standing committees: Agricul- tural Resources .and Production; Civil Protection! Health, Welfare, 1 Consumer Interest; Transportation, Housing, '.erks and Facili- ties; •" and Skills; curces and Prcductic . council ' 3 be it of existence £ ' ber 1, +3 • 5 ta tg. - l, . 561, p. • rune 3, 1941; In effect Sept. 13 » 1941 • , ■ ■. I ■ ; ' . md pc , - . newly creal 3d ' LI. Sta1 . 1 , ch. 294, p. 1277. A- April 29, 1943; in effect ii ly. CALIFORNIA STATE T \AR COUNCIL The state, long recognizing its responsibility to provide for prepared- ness against disaster, created the State T .'ar Council to replace the abolished California State Council of Defense in 1943 j in order to increase the emer- gency war powers of the Governor. 1943 The State ••"ar Council, a temporary war agency, was to consist of the Governor; the Lieutenant Governor; the State Director rf Civilian Defense; the State Director of Civilian War Services; the Attorney General; four members of the legislature; and two representatives of city governments and two representatives of county governments, who were to be appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the Governor. The members, except those specifically provided for in the lav;, were not to receive a salary, but were to be reimbursed for their actual and necessary expenses. The Governor was to be ex officio chairman, and the State Director of Civilian Defense was to be ex officio vice chairman, of the T 'ar Council. The Governor was authorized to create advisory crmittees to ssist in specific fields of civilian defense activities, and wit! ' ' office the positions of State Director of Civilian De- fence. Civilian " Lon, and Civilian T ar Services were created. . 1' . , , . , eh. 1, p. 3377. Approved Jan. 30, ! I in 1944. """ ■ ' " rship was to consd /era ;• the Lieutenant G< rernor; tl Lrectcr of the California State ' mcilj the Attcrr al; four mem- >s of ' Lature: and two reor : stives of .'' vcrn- merits and tv;o representatives of county governments. The Governor was to be e:c officio chairman, and the lieutenant Governor was to be ex officio vice chairman, of the T .'ar Council. The office of Director of the California State r ar Council was to be created in the Governor's office — the successor of the State Director of Civilian Defense, the State Director of Civilian Protection, r .r.d the State Director of Civilian V'ar Services. The director was to be appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the Governor. Stats. 1944* ch. 55 j a. 214. Aporcved June 21, 1944j in effect Sept. 12, 1944. 1945 The duties and powers of the State tfar Council and the State Council of Defence v:ere transferred to the California State Dis- aster Council, located in the Governor's office (see page 3 ; . Stats. 1945, ch. 1024, p. 1973. Approved June 25, 1945; in effect LEGISLATIVE ASSISTANCE Legislative C cans el California Cc ie Commission Commission en Uniform State Laws Codification Beard California Commission en Interstate Cccperaticn LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL The Cffice of Legislative Counsel (created in 1913 as the Legislative Counsel Bureau) is under the direction cf a chief who is the Legislative Counsel of California. Strictly speaking, a discussion cf the legislative Counsel should not be included in this outline, inasmuch as this agency is attached to the legislative, rather than the administrative, branch of the state government. In order to enhance the reference value cf this work, hevrever, all agencies cf the state have been included, outside cf the Legis- lature Itself and the California courts. Moreover, althcu •;! the principal duty of the Legislative Counsel is to assist members' of the Legislature in drafting bills, resolutions, and con- stitution:!! amendments, end to serve legislative committees both during and between sessions, he is also subject to other state officers of the execu- tive cr judicial branches of the government who might contract with him for technical assistance in preparation cf departmental rules and regulations. c quired to prepare certain publications, such as legislative digests, tutcry indexes, and the cedes as published by the Documents Division of the Stats Bureau cf Printing. u e edits the Ballot Pamphlet, a publica- tion is led 'cy the 3 :i - i_ry of State prior to each general election and s text of :': v propose : Lti Lien L amend ent and initiative ire to be •■• V h ;rv d on various governmental cc:r:issicns bo time. A1 . t! ■ : ;i ilative C 1 is ex officio secre- ■ f the Cede ton and fficic :. ner "■ Life '. Dommis- i ifcrra State I iws. j tive Counsel to be - cted by concurrent" resolution at Lno cf - LI his s ucc scr is selected and qualified. If the office fell vacant while the Legislature was not in session, selection was to be made by a crirmittee consisting cf the speaker cf the Assembly, the speaker ore tempore cf the Assembly, the pr .ident pre tenpere of the Senate, and the chairman of the finance corn- btee cf the Senate. The annual salary of the Legislative Counsel is £15,000 (amended by Stats. 1945, ch. 1155, and by Stats. 1947, ch. 1442). i i CALIFORNIA CODE COMMISSION The present California Code Commission was established in 1929 for the purpose of codifying all the general and permanent laws of the state. It vas to consist o£ nine members appointed by and serving at the pleasure of the Governor. The Legislative Counsel was to serve as ex officio secretary of the commission. Members were to serve without compensation, but were allowed expenses incurred in traveling and in the actual discharge of their duties. The commission set up twenty-four classifications of state law: Agri- cultural Code; Banking, Building and Loan, and Investment Cede; Business and Professions Code; Civil Code; Code of Civil Procedure j Corporations Cods; Education Cede; Elections Code; Fish and Game Cede; Government Code; Harbors and Navigation Code; Health and Safety Code; Insurance Code; Labor Cede; riiitary and Veterans Code; Penal Code; Probate Code; Public Resources Code; Public Utilities Code; Revenue and Taxation Code; Streets and Highways Code; Vehicle Co ; " iter Code; and Welfare and Institutions Code. The Civil, Civil Procedure, and Penal Codes, enacted in 1572, are to be revised by the co.tuTdssion. Nineteen new cedes or portions of codes prepared by the commission have been enacted by the legislature upon the coTrdssion's recom- Lon. A ■- d by others" was passed in 1949 (eh. 755, p. 13?6) and will form a part of the commission's Banking, Building and Loan, and Investment Code. Work en the Public Utilities Cede has not yet begun. Consideration is being given to the preparation of a proposed Avia- tion Code. (California Code Commission Report, 1947-1948, p. H, 16.) COMMISSION ON UNIFORM STATE LAVS The National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws was or- ganized in 1892. Ever since then there have been yearly meetings cf repre- sentatives from a majority cf the states. The purpose has been tc draft laws on subjects where uniformity seems desirable and practicable. These uniform laws may then be adopted by the legislatures in the different states, California created a commission to cooperate in this movement as early as 1S97. It was abolished in 1901, however, and another commission was not established until 1927. The membership of this commission was increased in 19a. 1941 The Commission on Uniform State Laws was tc consist of three com- missioners, each of whom was to be a member of the bar cf this state in good standing, appointed by the Governor for terms of four years. The Legislative Counsel was to be an ex officio non- voting member of the commission. No compensation was allowed c ommi s s i one r s . Stats. 1941, ch. 60S, p. 2056. Approved June 6, 1941; in effect Sept. 13, 1941. 1949 A member cf the commission shall 'be an ex officio nonvoting mem- ber cf the Cc Lon on Interstate Cooperation, upon appointment by the Governor (Stats. 1949, ch. 975). CODIFICATION BOARD The Codification Board was created in 1941 for the purpose of unifying and publishing all rules and regulations cf every state agency that were filed with the Secretary of State. 1941 The board was composed of the Secretary cf State, the Director of Finance, and the Legislative Counsel, or their nominees. The board was to be responsible for the publication of the California Adrdnist native " •- ^j ster and the California Administrative Cede . Stats. 1941, ch. 628, p. 2087. Approved June 9, 1941; in effect Sept. 13, 1941. 1947 The Codification Beard was abolished. Its duties were transferred to the Division of Administrative Procedure, Department cf Pro- fessional and Vocational Standards. Stats. 1947, ch. 1175, p. 2655. Approved July 7, 1947; in effect Sept. 19, 1947. 1 1 CALIFORNIA COMMISSION ON INTERSTATE COOPERATION The Council of State Governments was organized in 1935, as an outgrowth of the American Legislators' Association. By I-.'arch 1939 thirty-eight states had joined the council, through appointment of special commissions on inter- state ccooeration. California took the necessary step in 193$ by passing a Senate Concurrent Resolution. In .1'. .. . act, instead of a resolution, was passed in crder to give the commission continuity of existence beyond the current legislative tern. The commission, as presently constituted, consists of fifteen members — five Senators of a regular Senate Standing Committee on Interstate Coopera- tion, five Assembly].". en cf 3 regular Assembly Standing Committee en Inter- state Cooperation, and five heads of .iiu.Lnistr;:.;ive departments of state government appointed by the Governor, with the Governor as ex officio and honorary nonvoting member of the commission. ,r The commission may establish such committees and advisory boards as it deems advisable to conduct conferences and to formulate proposals con- cerning subjects of intergovernmental cooperation...." The members of the ccmmi^r.ien ana the members cf all committees which it establishes vere to serte without compensation, but they were to be paid for their necessary traveling c;r^n:ms. 19/+9 A member of the California Commission on Uniform State Laws shall be anpclnted \ ? i-s an ex officio nonvoting member of the Commission c:i Intersta ,e Coc-eration. Ststs. 19-^9, ch. 975. JUDICIAL ADMINISTRATION Judicial Council Commission on Qualifications (judicial) JUDICIAL COUNCIL As in the case of the Legislative Counsel, the Judicial Council per- haps should not be included in a study of this type. It is strictly a part of the judicial rather than the adnanistrative branch of government. From one point of view, however, the Judicial Council has certain ad- ministrative duties, as it surveys the condition of business in the severa] courts for the purpose of simplifying and improving the administration of justice, and submits such suggestions to the courts as nay seem in the in- terest of uniformity and expedition of business. The chairman of the Judi- cial Council may appoint committees composed of justices or judges of the courts to advise him in this duty (Stats. 1945* ch. 1254* p. 23^9. Approved July 10, 1945 J in effect Sept. 15, 1945). The Council marshals judicial manpower to meet as far as possible the needs of all courts, particularly trial courts when illness or unavoidable absence cr disqualification of a judge occurs, cr calendars become congested; adopts and amends rules of 3tice and procedure for the courts; and makes such recommendations to the Governor and the Legislature as it deems proper. The Judicial Council was created by an amendment adding- section la to article VI of the constitution, adopted by a vote of the people en Novem- ber 2, 1926. It consists of the chief justice cr acting chief justice, and of one associate justice oi the supreme court, three justices of district courts cf L, four 31 : js of superior is, one judge cf a police or . . . Ige of an inferior court, selected by the chief justice. The term'cf office is two years, but appointment terminates at cr.ee in the event of a r ceasing tc be t f the court from which assigned. 1 f the Ji ! C : receive no cempensa- for their s ;s as such, but are allowed necessary expena 1 for travel, board, and lodging incurred in the performance of official duties. COMMISSION ON QUALIFICATIONS (JUDICIAL) An initiative measure, adopted by the reople en November 6, 1934, added section 26 to article VI of the constitution. This section changed the method of succession and selection to vacancies in office of appellate and supreme court justices in California. As a new element, a Commission en Qualifications was created by the amendment. The function of the com- mission was to confirm, by a majority vote, the appointments of the Gover- nor or his nominations to fill judicial offices in the courts above indica- ted. The Commission on Qualifications consists of (1) the chief justice or acting chief justice of the supreme court; (2) the senior presiding justice of the district court of appeal of the district in which a justice of a district court of aopeal is to serve, or, in the case of the nomination or appointment cf a justice of the supreme court, the presiding justice who has served longest as such upon any of the district courts cf appeal; and (3) the Attorney General. This method may become applicable to the superior court within a county upon adoption by its electors. /.nether duty of the Commission on Qualifications is concerned with the retirement for it Usability of a judge under section 3 of the .' - 33' Retirement I AERONAUTICS REGULATION California Aeronautics Commissi en CALIFORNIA AERONAUTICS COMMISSION In 1947 the California Legislature passed the State Aeronautics Act "to further and protect the public interest in aeronautics and aeronautical progress: by encouraging the development of private flying and the general use of air transportation; by festering and promoting safety in aeronautics; and by effecting uniformity cf the laws and regulations relating to aeronau- tics consistent with federal aeronautics laws and regulations." 1947 The California Aeronautics Commission was to consist of five members appointed by the Governor for terms of four years. All members of the coi n ission were tc be citizens cf the state, and at least two cf them were to have had three cr more years of nractical experience in aeronautics as private or commercial pilots, airport managers, or aviation executives. The members were tc receive either t2? per day cr actual and necessary expen- ses for attending the meetings of the commission. A Director cf Aeronautics was tc be appointed .by the commis- sion at a salary not to exceed 012, CCO per annum for the ouroose of administering the provisions of this act. Stats. 1947, ch. 1379, p. 2927. Approved July 11, 1947? in ef- fect Sept. 19, 1947. CRIME STUDY AND REHABILITATION Special Crime Study Commissions Commission en Criminal lav and Procedure Commission en Adult Corrections and Release Procedures Ccm~ission on Juvenile Justice Commission on Social and Economic Causes cf Crime and Delinquency Commission on Organized Crime Youth Authority \ ■< respecting the effectiveness of all criminal laws and procedures now in force in California for the purpose of drafting such suggested changes as would make more effective the administration of criminal justice. The com- mission was to render its final report and recommendations to the Director cf Corrections net later than July 1, 1949. The Sp ecial Crime Study Commission on Adult Corrections and Release Procedures The Commission on Adult Corrections and Release Procedures was to con- sist of five members who were authorized and instructed to study, evaluate, and make recommendations concerning the administration and organization of • "all agencies of the state and local government charged with the responsi- bility cf detaining and caring for adult offenders from the time of arrest to final disposition. The commission was to render its final report to the Director of Corrections not later than July 1, 1949. The Special Crime Study Commission en Juvenile Justice The Commission on Juvenile Justice was to consist cf five members who were authorized and instructed to study, evaluate, and make recommendations respecting all matters having a direct bearing upon the prevention cf juve- nile delinquency and the protection of the welfare of children, together :ral problem of dea] ' ith juvenile offenders against the law, including their apprehension, detention, prosecution, treatment, and rehab- ilitation. The eemmission was to render it,; report and recommendations to the Director of Correction 3 not later than July 1, 1949. The Cpsci 'r l Criae Study ?c . . - i:m - irn en Social ~r.d Economic Causes of ',- i id I linauency - ' i lauses cf Crime and 3 i lency was to consist cf five members who were authorized and instructed to make inquiries into any social or economic condition in the state which appears to be or is contributing to crime and delinquency, either directly cr in- directly. The cc: : ission was to render its report and recommendations to the Director c£ Corrections not later than July 1, 1949. Th "- ■'. - ■-■-; al _ Crl.":-j ^t'^ y Cci mlssicn en Organized Cri"e The Commission en Organized Crime was tc consist cf five members who were authorized to study the general subject of organized crime in the state. The commission was tc render its final report and recommendations to the Director oT Corrections not later than July 1, 1949. i i YCUTH AUTHORITY The legislature created the Youth Authority from the model act pro- posed by the American Law Institute, "to protect society mere effectively by substituting for retributive punishment methods of training and treat- ment directed toward the correction and rehabilitation of young persons found guilty of public offenses." Ycuth Correction Authority 1941 The Ycuth Correction Authority created in 1941 was to consist of three members whose function was to provide and administer pre- ventive and corrective training and treatment for persons commit- ted to it. The three members were to be appointed by the Gover- nor; two members were to be chosen from a list of persons recom- mended by the Advisory Pane] consisting of the President of the California Conference of Social 'brk, the President of the Calif- ornia Probation and Parole Officers Association, the President of the State Bar of California, the President of the California Medi- cal Association, and the President of the Prison Association of California. The members of the Authority were to serve for terms of four years at s salary of $0.0,000 per year, plus actual travel- ing expenses. One of the members was to act as chairman of the Authority. .Stats. 1941, ch. 937, o. 2522. Approved July 9, 1941; in effect Sept. 13, 1941. Youth \:::,r.cr]ty 1943 The desire tc preventive as well as correctional func- tions of the Authority resulted in the removal of the word "correction" from the title. The Youth Authority was reorganized so that the members selected one member to serve full time as director. The director was given responsibility for managing the agency; the Authority as a board retained the power of classifi- cation and placement of offenders. The Youth Authority also increased its administrative res- ponsibility. The three correctional schools, Nelles, Preston, and. Ventura, wsre transferred from the Department of Institutions to the Authority, At the same time the Division of Probation, Department of Social '. 'elf are, became a part of the Authority. Stats. 1943, ch. 690, p. 22,42. Approved Kay 21, 1943j in effect Aug. k, 1943. 1944 The Youth Authority was transferred to the Department of Correc- tions and although part of the Board of Corrections, the Author- ity was to remain an independent agency outside of the control of the Director of Corrections. Stats. 1944, 3rd Ex. Sess., ch. 2, p. 12. Approved Feb. 4, 1944; in effect May 1, 1944- LOCAL SCHOOL DISTRICT REORGANIZATION State Ccnrdssicn on Schorl Districts I i STATE COMMISSION ON SCHOOL DISTRICTS The State Commission en Schccl Districts is an agency cf the state government created originally tc function outside the State Department of Education* On October 1, 1949, the commission will be abolished, and the State Board cf Education will succeed to the duties of the eoimrdssion. The commission /.-as created by the legislature in 1945 tc consist of the Superintendent of Public Instruction and eight l?.y members appointed by the Governor for a tern of four years (ch. 1273j p. 2333. Approved July DO, 1945; in effect Sept. 15, 1945). The members serve without pay, but are re- imbursed for actual and traveling expenses. The objective cf the commission is to secure the initiation of local action which, with the consent cf the electors cf school districts concerned, will lead to the reorganization of local units cf school administration in conformity with modern conditions and standards. PLANNING State Reconstruction and Reemployment Commission Office of Director cf Planning and Research (See Governor's Office) STATE RECONSTRUCTION AND RE^'PLCIIENT COMMISSION State planning was recognized as a specialized function in 1935, when the State Planning Beard was created as a division of the Department of Finance (ch. 331, p. 1153). The State Planning Beard was abolished in 1943 J its powers and duties '.-ere transferred tc the State Reconstruction and Re- employment Cor mission, created in 1943 (ch. 631, p. 2250. Approved Kay 20, 1943,* in effect .vag. 4, 1943). The purpose of this agency was to study the human, natural, and economic resources cf California and to formulate and promote plans for readjustment of returning veterans and displaced war work- ers, for conversion of industry and commerce to peacetime conditions, for development of new industries, and for postwar adjustment and reconstruction generally. The cc-^issicn was to consist of nine ire.mbers: the State Directors of Public ;'orks, Finance, Professional and Vocational Standards, Natural Resour- ces, Agriculture, Industrial Relations, the Superintendent, of Public Instruc- tion, the President cf the University of California, and the. Fxecutive Sec- i rotary of the Governor. No additional compensation was to be received by the members. By the smee act was created the office of the Director, whe was execu- tive officer cf . ision. He was to be ppcinted re the Governor at a salary not to )C per year. Citizens Advisory Committees Each r State Reconstruction and Reemploys snt Ccmmis- sicn was tc .■:' ... cf a citizens advisory comma e r£ five toers selected by b! Gov :.. r i n nomination by such member. J!em- e of these advisor;/' cc mitteej were tc receive no compensation other than their actual and necessary expenses. The committees established were: Public *. 'crks; Development, ^reservation, and Restoration cf In- dustry: Coordination cf Research Facilities; Development of Natural Resources; Agriculture; Social and Industrial T 'elf are; Readjustment Education; and Demobilized Service Ken and Women* The Reconstruction and Reemployment Commission was abolished in 1947. Its powers and duties relating tc planning were transferred to the Governor. Stats. 1947, ch. 1408, o. 2967. Approved July 12, 1947; in effect Sent. 19, 1947. PUBLIC SAFETY Office of the Adjutant General State Fire Marshal State Fire Advisory Beard OFFICE OF THE ADJUTANT GENERAL The first act concerning the organization of the militia cf California provided for the office of Adjutant General in 1850. He was to be elected by the legislature for a ter.'n of four years. The act was amended freauently in subsequent years, but it wasn't until 1929, and again in 1?A6, that the provisions regarding this officer were materially changed. In 1929 the Ad- jutant General was made the administrative head of the Division of Military Affairs in the Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs. In 1946 the Office of the Adjutant General was made zn independent agency of the state government by the legislature. The Adjutant General is chief of staff of the Governor and is chief of the Office of the Adjutant General, and ac such < c d::iinir>ters the California National Guard, Naval Militia, and California Cadet Corps, and is Commanding General of the California State Guard. The Adjutant General was tc be appointed by and serve at the pleasure cf the Governor, a orovisicn that has been in force since 1872. Mo person is 1 eligible fcr appointment as Adjutant General unless he has had not less than a total cf ten years cf commissioned service in the California National Guard (amended by Stats. 1943, ch. A50, and by Stats. 1947, ch. 331). Tne Adjutant General has the ran'/ cf Brigadier General and receives the same pay as a Brigadier General in the United States Army. STATS FIR 1 : MARSHAL The Office of the State Fire Marshal was created by an act of the Legislature in 1923 for the purpose of fostering and encouraging fire pre- vention activities in the state. In 1927 the Legislature created the Divi- sion of Fire Safety in the Department cf Industrial Relations, of which the State Fire Marshal was ;hief, and an organization was established to carry en fire prevention work in cooperation with local fire officials. This division was abolished by the Legislature in 1945, and the duties and res- ponsibilities of the division were dele/rated to the State Fire Marshal, whose office was to be an independent office in the state government under this reorganization (Stats. 1945, eh. 1173, p. 2213). The State Fire Marshal was to be appointed by and held office at the pleasure of the Governor. Kis salary was raised to 310,000 per annum in 1947 (ch. 1389, p. 2953). The functions of the office were to fester, pro- rate, and develop vays and means of protecting life and property against fire and panic. The State Fire Advisory Board was to assist the State Fire Marshal in his duties. STATE FIRE ADVISORY BOARD The State Fire Advisory Beard of eleven members was to act "in an ad- visory- capacity to the State Fire Marshal in establishing minimum standards for the protection of life and property against fire and panic and for the coordination of activities in the State Fire Marshal's office with those of lecal governmental agencies" (Stats. 1945, ch. 1173, P« 2218). The members of the beard were to be appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the Orcverncr. The State Fire Marshal was to act as chairman of the board. The act provided that board members were to be active members of regularly organized fire departments and were to serve without compensa- tion, but were to receive their actual and necessary traveling ercoenses. REAPPORTIONMENT Resunortiemr.ent Commission REAPPORTION! SNT COMMISSION livery ten years the legislative districts are readjusted on the basis of the Federal Census . Provided the legislature fails to reapportion the Assembly and Senatorial districts, the standing Reapportionment Commission performs this function that is subject to the referendum vote. These re- apportionments ore c o be effective immediately, just as if they vrere an act cf the Legislature. 1941 The Reapportionment Commission, composed cf the Lieutenant Gover- nor, who was chairman, the Attorney General, State Controller, Secretary cf State, and State Superintendent cf Public Instruc- tion, reapportioned the Assembly and Senatorial districts in 1941. Stats. 1941, ch. 143, P. 3550. Filed with the Secretary of State June 16, 1941. 1945 The reapportionment measure was passed by the people in a refer- endum vote or. November 3, 1942. RECREATION Re creation Commission RECREATION CCIS-3S3ICN The proposal to create a state recreation commission in California was first made by a committee appointed by the Legislature in 1914 . Similar proposals have been made on various occasions since 1914, but it was not until 1947 that the Legislature acted upon the proposals of such a committee end established a Recreation Commission. 1947 The Recreation Commission was to consist of seven members ap- pointed by the Governor for a term of four years. The members were to serve without compensation, but were to be reimbursed for actual and necessary expenses. The purpose of the lav/ was to make possible the institution cf a comprehensive recreational policy for the state. The Governor, in consultation with the commission, was to appoint a Director of Recreation who was to be technically trained with adequate administrative experience in the field of public recreation. The director was to serve at the pleasure of the Governor, ?nd his salary was to be set by the commission. Stats. 1947, ch. 1239, P. 27/; 5. Approved July S, 1947; in effect . t. 19, 1947. R5DEVEL0FMENT State Redevelopment Agency STATE REDEVELOPMENT AGENCY The Community Redevelopment Act rf 1945 (ch. 1326, p. 2478) had the purpose of stimulating local rehabilitation and redevelopment of blighted areas. An amendment to the original act added the State Redevelopment Agency in 1947. The agency was to be the crgan for collecting and dissem- inating information en all aspects of planning and redevelopment, and was to act as a technical advisory body. 1947 The State Redevelopment Agency was created in 1947. It was to consist of five members appointed by and serving at the pleasure of the Governor. Each member was to receive §20 for each day's actual attendance at meetings. In addition, each member was to be reimbursed for his actual and necessary expenses. The agency was to appoint a Director of Redevelopment. Stats. 1947, ch. 1515, p. 3141. Approved July IS, 1947; in ef- fect Sept. 19, 1947. 1948 The legislature did not appropriate funds for the agency for the 1948-1949 fiscal year. I < STATE CENTENNIALS REGULATION California. Centennials Commission Centennials Advisory Ccnaaittee CaliJ La E " Conmemc ration Cc-^-i.ssicn I'onterey Pier: Raising Centennial Corrmissicn ■ CALIFORNIA CENTENNIALS COMMISSION The years 1948, 1949, and 1950 have been designated by the Legislature as important ones for commemc rating significant events in the histcry cf the state. In order tc provide fcr the appropriate observance throughout the state of these events, the California Centennials Commission and the Centennials Advisory Committee were created. 1947 The California Centennials Commission was to consist cf five members v:ho were tc be appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the Governor. One member of the Senate and one cf the Assembly ".-ere tc constitute a legislative interim committee to assist the commission. The members cf the commission -and the interim com- mittee were to receive no compensation for their services, but v:ere to be reimbursed fcr their actual and necessary expenses. The Governor, upon recommendation of the commission, may appoint local and regional advisory committees. Stats. 1947, oh. 456, p. 1354. Approved May 31, 1947j in effect Sept. 19, 1947. CENTENNIALS ADVISORY COMMITTEE The Centennials Advisory Committee was created by the same act that created the California Centennials Commission. Its purpose was th'.t of ad- vising and conferring with the commission regarding public celebrations. The cor^Tiittee v. r as tc consist of twenty-five members appcinted by and serv- ing at the pleasure of the Gcvernor. The members were tc receive only their actual and necessary expenses. Stats. 1547, ch. 456, p. 1354. Approved >'ay 31, 1947- in effect Seot. 19, 1947. CALIFORNIA BEAR FT AG COMMEMORATION COMMISSION In crder to celebrate properly the important events in the history of the state, the legislature authorized the establishment of ccrrmittees and commissions which were responsible for planning and coordinating the cele- brations on a local,, regional, and state level. One of the first such ccm- missions to be established was the California Pear Flag Commemoration Com- mission. 1946 The California Bear Flag Commemoration Commission was created in 1946 f r ~ the purpose of participating in the celebration of the raising r - ', - P" 1 ' " of the California Republic that was to be held at Sonoma, California, or. June 14, 1946. The commission was appropriated "7,500 for expenditure in carrying cut the provisions of this act. The commission was to consist of fifteen members appointed by the Governor. The members were to receive only their actual and necessary expenses. Stats. 1946, 1st Ex. Sees., ch. 113, P. 147. Approved Mar. 10, 1946; in effect May 21, 1946. MONTEREY FLAG RAISING CENTENNIAL COMMISSION The Monterey Flag Raising Centennial Commission was cre-'ited in 1946 for the purpose of participating in the celehrsticr. commemorating the rais- ing of the American Flag by Commodore Sloat (July 7 , 1346) at Monterey, California. The ceremony x«/as to be held at Monterey on July 7> 1946. The commission was to consist of fifteen members appointed by the Governor. The members were to be reimbursed for their actual and necessary expenses. The commission was appropriated $7*500 for expenditure in carry- ing out the previsions of this act. Stats. 1946, 1st Ex. Cess., ch. 70, p. 94. Approved Mar. 4, 1946; in ef- fect Kay 21, 1946. TRADE DEVELOPMENT T -*crld Trade Center Authorities San Francisco Lcs Angeles VJCRLD TRADE CENTER AUTHORITIES The 1947 Legislature authorized creation cf two '* T crld Trade Centers — - •■ ' :\ 3sn Franciscc and one in Lcs \nreles — fcr the purpose cf festering and developing domestic and international trade. The administrative agen- cies cf the two centers were to be called 'crld Trade Center Authorities, and were public corporations of the state. In this capacity each authority was granted broad powers "to acquire, construct, complete, maintain end operate. . .land, buildings, hall c , structures, facilities, roads, highways, sidewalks, bridges, ramps, monuments, gardens, courts, tracks, and spur tracks, warehouses, power, heat, sewage, drainage, and utility systems, garages, parking areas, helicopter reefs, restaurants, concessions, auto- mobiles, busses, aircraft, and ships." San Francisco ".crld Trade Center Authority The San [""rancisco T " T orld Trade Center Authority % ras tc consist of eleven members including the Director of Public T orks, the Director of 7irr. ; :;ce, the President of the State Poard cf Harbor Commissioners fcr San Francisco Harbor, and eight persons appointed by the Governor from the various northern counties for a terra cf four years. Members v;ere to ntit! tc their actual and necessary expenses, I c 5 ' - 1. '" Id ie Ce ter Authority T! I.c ies "or3 \ " • Ce iter a. >ri y was tc consist cf - Director cf Public I'.orks, the Director cf ice, ' n ■■ se 1 n rs =.] >inted by the Cov : f res the various ; c years. bers wer - ~. r . be entitled tc their actual and necessary expenses. ' f. h-l' 7 , ch. 1503, p, 3106. Approved -'■'"■- 17; 1947; in effect "i r ' ■ VETERANS' PROGRAMS California Ve i 3 1 Commission CALIFORNIA VETERANS' COMMISSION The California Veterans' Commission was created in 1945 and was to con- sist cf not mere than sixteen members who were to be appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the Governor. Two members were to represent cities; two, counties; three, veterans' organizations; one, women's organizations; and one, the American Red Cross. Members representing governmental depart- ments or agencies were: one member renresenting the Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs; one, the Department of Education; one, the California Employment Stabilization Commission; one, the Reconstruction and Reemploy- ment Commission; one, the State Personnel Board; one, the Department of In- dustrial Relations; and one, the Department cf Social '-'elfare. The members were to serve without pay, but were to be reimbursed fcr actual necessary traveling expenses. The commission existed to function as an advisory body in coordinating and rendering service in establishing veterans 1 programs. Stats. 1945, ch. 1431, p. 2754. Approved July 2?, 1945; in effect Sept. 15, 1945. 1946 The California Veterans' Commission was abolished, ana its duties were :rbed by the California Veterans' Beard when the Department of Military and Ve1 srans' Affairs was reorganized in 1946 (see Elizabeth F in , Ca" ' _ 'tate Government, Vol. 1, p. 207). '- 4. . I ,. - . ' . ' ■ * T - . > -■ ■ 21, 1' !*, T AR surplus procurement Surplus "ar Prooerty Procurement Ldvisory Board \ 1 SURPLUS T /. T AR PROPERTY PROCUREMENT ADVISORY BOARD The Director of Finance was empowered to purchase or acquire surplus war property from the Federal Government. The Surplus War Property Pro- curement Advisory Beard was created by the same act cf 1945 to advise the Director of Finance in this duty. 1945 The Surplus "ar Property Procurement Advisory Board was to con- sist cf the Director of Finance as chairman, and the Directors cf Public Vcrks, Institutions, Corrections, Military and Veter- ans Affairs, Natural Resources, Youth Authority, Agriculture, and Education. Stats. 1945, ch. 992, n. 1913. Approved June 2.3, 1945; in effect Sept. 15, 1945.